Last Updated on March 1, 2021
Rangpur division is the 7th division of Bangladesh which was established on 25 January 2010. The northern and northwestern parts of Bangladesh is covered by the Rangpur division ( 25°50′N, 89°00′E). Previously it was under the impression of the Rajshahi Division. The Rangpur division comprises eight districts and 58 subdistricts.
The name of Rangpur city was came from the previous version “Ranggopur”. “Rango” indicates joy or happiness, as well as Pur, means a region or area and for that Rangpur is certainly a region of peace and happiness.
As one of the oldest municipalities in Bangladesh, Rangpur was declared as a metropolitan city in 1869. The first ever mayor of Rangpur City Corporation has been Sharfuddin Ahmed Jhantu .
As in tourism largely we prefer the southern part of Bangladesh as Cox’s bazaar or Chittagong hill tracts. The least we think of as the northern region of the country which is the Rangpur region. Mostly because of our ignorance of the area of the north.
When it comes to visiting a place with a fresh natural environment with lots of traditional architectural landmarks the best option that pops into my head is the Rangpur division. When you are planning for a budget trip you might choose your destination to Rangpur. I bet you won’t regret it.
Still confused? Before taking any specific decision let me give you a tour of Rangpur region with an overview of things you need to know about Rangpur Division.
History of Rangpur division: Ancient to present
History of Rangpur: Ancient to present The river Teesta Streaming through the region Rangpur brings it with quite the history. Historically said that back in 1575, a trusted general Raja Man Singh of the Mughal Emperor Akbar took over Rangpur. The whole Rangpur region was fully integrated into the Mughal Empire in the year 1686. Yet one of the Mughal administrative headquarters was situated at Ghoraghat in 1687. Rangpur existed to be the fourth capital of Ahom kingdom. The king Rudra Singha (1696-1714) of Ahom kind of shifted the capital from Garhgaon to Rangpur. Rangpur was initially recognized as Meteka.
The land of the Rangpur region was generously known for the cultivation is of Indigo (Neel). The villagers called this Indigo crop color‘ ‘Rang.’ and the name ‘Rangpur’ Originated from this estate. The British emperors used to force the farmers of the Rangpur region to cultivate indigo which includes the pain and horror of this part of history in this area.
Rangpur is considered one of the earliest established municipalities in Bangladesh. Back on 16 December 1769, Rangpur was acknowledged as a District Seat (Zila Sadar) in 1769 and 1869, it was announced as a city, Under the administration of Raja Janaki Ballav Sen, a regional building was made in 1892. As a feature of building up the city region, he also ordered the uncovering of the Mata Shyama Sundari Khal in 1890. The myth says that to determine the continual event of infection harming the district, Shyama Sundari directed the removal of this canal. So this canal unfortunately keeps up just in name. Around 2010 Rangpur Division was formed with eight districts.
The land area of Rangpur Division
The whole area of the Rangpur division is 16,184.99 sq km (6249.06 sq miles). On 25 January 2010, Rangpur Division formed with 8 districts which are Rangpur district, Dinajpur District, Kurigram district, Nilphamari district, Gaibandha district, Thakurgaon district, Panchagarh district, Lalmonirhat district. These districts are consisted of 58 Upazilas, 1 city corporation, 21 Pourasavas, and 536 union councils according to Wikipedia.
The Surrounding region of Rangpur is made out of a vast alluvial plain. The greater part of the zone is under constant development (tobacco, rice, jute, and oilseeds). A widespread rail network circulates the results of Rangpur’s jute, rice, and sugar factories, and cotton-and silk weaving bungalow enterprises. Rangpur is famous for manufacturing dhurries (cotton floor coverings), bidis (cigarettes), and cigars.
Paddy and jute, bright yellow mustard, golden corn, and sugar cane are the main crops cultivated in the Rangpur region. Distinctive little communities, rows upon rows of coconut and areca palm trees, and small rivers and canals increases the eye- catching beauty of Rangpur. Across this wonderful road over the Jamuna river, you may enter the northern district of Rangpur, loaded with its enriched history. Throughout history, Indigo is being a significant crop cultivated in this region. Lately, Indigo is being cultivated commercially again in the Rangpur region.
Rangpur division is also famous for its high production of delicious litchi and mango. In the summer season, this region of Bangladesh charms with the fragrance of sweet litchis and mangoes abundantly as the planters of greater Rangpur and Dinajpur districts cultivates a variety of fruits. As in the cultivated soil areas of Rangpur and Dinajpur farmers, every year grow the Madraji, Bombay, Bedena, China-2, China-3, etc varieties of litchis mostly. A big number of farmers are set up with litchi orchards for saleable cultivation in different districts in the Rangpur division containing Rangpur, Dinajpur, Nilphamari, Thakurgaon,,, and Panchagarh districts.
It has been stated that there has the cultivation of mango on 38,000 hectares of land in all eight districts of the division. Rangpur. And the good news is the amount continues to boosting every year following the development of the commercial purpose of mango cultivation. In the Rangpur re,gion the popular mango varieties such as ‘Gopalbhog’, ‘Haribhanga’, ‘Lengua’, ‘Fazlee’, ‘Nakfazlee’, ‘Khirsapati’, ‘Mohanbhog’, ‘Chyatapori’, ‘Lakhan’ and ‘Amrapali’ are cultivated vastly.
The soil of numerous regions of the Rangpur division including Rangpur, Nilphamari, Thakurgaon, Dinajpur, and Panchagarh districts are also suitable for backup cultivation. In the preference of farming, backup is suitable in the higher land areas and as an effect of this, the farmers of the Rangpur region are getting a profit from cultivating back in the Rangpur division.
People and Ethnic groups in Rangpur division
The measurement we get from the census 2011 the total population of Rangpur division is 15,787,758 and the population density in this region is 980/km2 (2,500/sq mi). In the total population of the Rangpur division, there is 50.91% male and 49.09% female. People in this Rangpur region are being Rangpuri, Rongpuri locally
The major community in Rangpur are Bengalis. Significant tribal groups are also found in Rangpur such as Santal, Munda, Oraon, Rajbanshi, and Koch.
Most of the population of the Rangpur Division is owned by Muslim ( 83.70%) and Hindu (15.54%) people. Also, there is a minor quantity of adherents of Christianity and distinct religions are also living in the Rangpur region. The district of Rangpur includes 4924 mosques, 480 Temple, 43 churches, and six tombs for different religions of people living here.
Dwellers of Rangpur uses two languages mostly which are Rangpuri and Bengali. However, Rangpuri is adopted by most inhabitants. Bengali is further prominent in the towns and among the educated citizens.
The transportation system in Rangpur division
The transportation system in Rangpur division: Rangpur is privileged with a decent road, rail, and air communication system with not only the capital Dhaka but also the other parts of the country. The N5 (National Highway 5) connects the Rangpur division with the capital city Dhaka. Total 21 express trains are hereby to connect numerous districts of Rangpur division to communicate with capital and other areas of the country. Saidpur Airport is one of the major Domestic airports situated in the Rangpur division.
The central bus stands of Rangpur city are
Dhaka Bus Stand
Direct bus service to Dhaka (without/with air-con) rides from the Dhaka bus stand, Kamar para, Sadar Rangpur.
The Medical More bus stand
Services to Dinajpur (shift for Hili on the Indian border to the southwest), Services also drive to Burimari (Indian border to the north).
Kurigram Bus Stand
Visit the Charland near Chilmari, take a bus service to Kurigram from the Kurigram bus stand, Paramore, Sadar Rangpur.
Bogra Bus Stand
The Bogra bus stand bus service to Bogra as well as several different destinations as gaibandha, sherpur, etc.
Rangpur division administration and justice
Rangpur is a metropolitan city that runs under the administration of the Rangpur city corporation which was established in 2012. The existing mayor of Rangpur city corporation is Mostafizar Rahman Mostafa. The city corporation of Rangpur was formed under the local administration runs under the Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development.
There is a Justice department in Rangpur City referred to Chief Judicial Magistrate Court, Rangpur.
Rangpur division healthcare and welfare
Rangpur Divisional Health Office runs under the administration of the ministry of health and family welfare (MoHFW). Facility Head and director of divisional health office of Rangpur division are Dr. Amin Ahmed Khan.
According to the data from Health Services Bangladesh there are 287 health institutes, 66 Hospitals, and 221 Other Institutes in the Rangpur division
Education in Rangpur division
As talking about the literary rate of The Division of Rangpur we may say it is still quite lower as only 47.95 percent of the citizens are under the count of literacy here, where 46.15% male and 34.50% female. As calculated by different districts of the Rangpur division Nilphamari has the highest literacy rate of 98.80% and kurigram has the lowest of 33.45%. There are two public universities in this division Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur and Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University.
However, the quantity of educational institutions of the Rangpur division consists of:
2 universities, 1 open university, 382 colleges, 1 veterinary college, 12 technical colleges, 1 textile institute, 1 BAD college, 1 vocational training institute, 1 vocational textile institute, 2 youth training center, 1 primary teacher training institute (PTI), 1 agricultural training institute, 1 veterinary resource training institute, 1 BPAD collage, 1 law college, 1 homeopath college, 1836 secondary school, 5609 primary school, 131 community school, 25 kindergarten, 29 BRAC schools and 1649 madrasas.
Notable educational institutions such as:
The largest college in Bangladesh, Carmichael College Rangpur situated in Lalbag, Rangpur city. The area of this college is 900 bighas (298 acres). It was founded on 10 November 1916 and naming after Thomas David Baron Carmichael of Skirling
Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science & Technology University:
The second oldest Science and Technology University of Bangladesh founded in 1979 (University Started 11 September 1999) is Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science & Technology University. It is running with 11000 students and area of 135 acre’s which is situated in the Dinajpur district of the Rangpur division.
Rangpur Medical College:
Rangpur Medical College is a prominent public medical school in Rangpur Bangladesh. It was founded in 1970 and is Associated with the University of Rajshahi. It is associated with a three-story college building and a five-story residential building with 1200 beds located in damp, Rangpur city.
Rangpur Cadet College:
One of the prominent military colleges of the country is Rangpur Cadet College.it is founded with a 37 acres (150,000 m2) area for boys in Rangpur, Bangladesh. It has about 300 cadets were 50 in each grade from 7th to 12th. It is located in Bharatpur, Modern more Rangpur, Bangladesh.
Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur (BRUR):
Begum Rokeya University Rangpur, Previously named Rangpur University is the second public state university in Rangpur division. Naming after the feminist writer and social worker Begum Rokeya navigates it towards the motto “Knowledge is Power”. The 30th public university of Bangladesh BRUR was established on 12 October 2008 under Begum Rokeya University Act, 2009 (2009–29). 75 acres of area for this university runs with 7,120 students. It is located in Rangpur, Bangladesh.
Bangladesh Army University of Science and Technology (BAUST):
One of the three private universities running by the army-backed university in Rangpur division in Bangladesh Army University of Science and Technology, established in February 2015. It is located in Saidpur, a town of Nilphamari district, Rangpur Division.
Cultural life in Rangpur division
Bharatiya songs are one of the most crucial parts of the culture for people in the Rangpur division from time immemorial. People from Rangpur, Bangladesh are deeply tied with the lingo of this moving music. Legendary Artists like Abbasuddin, Harold Roy, Mahesh Chandra, and Kachim Uddin have enhanced Bhawaiya with their melodious performances.
Still, nowadays there is a tremendous talent in the Rangpur division on cultural heritage. Yet cultural organizations in Rangpur, Bangladesh have not prospered by lacking commercial moralities.
The festival was inaugurated with a rally in the town, followed by a Bhawaiya competition.
On the bright side, a sizeable number of credible citizens are interested in organizing folk festivals and functions on Bhawaiya. Bharatiya artistes from Rangpur, Kurigram, Lalmonirhat, Nilphamari, Gaibandha, Dinajpur, Thakurgoan, and Panchagarh should be appointed and teamed up to save the beauty of Bhawaiya songs.
Tourist atr action in Rangpur
Begum Roleya memorial center:
Begum Rokeya, The pioneer of female education in Bangladesh was the daughter of Rangpur, Bangladesh. She was born in a village of a nearby Rangpur city named Pairaband. To recall her memories from numerous of the remaining of her residence the administration has to conserve it as a memorial center along with
a training center for young women in Pairaband, Mithapukur, Rangpur. If you visit this in the first week of December, which includes the birthdate of Begum Rokeya you might witness a village fair in this area.
How to go: as pairaband is outside of Rangpur city I would suggest you to go to visit the place in the early morning. You may go by local auto-rickshaw or a bus through the Dhaka- Rangpur highway. It might take half an hour if you go by bus or a little more in an auto-rickshaw.
That palace is a famous landmark in Rangpur, city. It about 56 acres of land with a stunning palace with beautiful white marble stone stares. The main rooftop area is topped off with a distinctive ribbed conical dome with an elevated octagonal pillar, partially endorsed on a series of thin semi-Corinthian columns. The palace is an outstanding example of Royal architecture with widespread gardens and ponds. The palace was built in the form of a “U” which is an open edge to the west. This palace was developed by Maharaja Kumar Gopal Lal Roy in the early 20th century. Now is has a museum on the second floor.
April to September (Summer)
- Tuesday to Saturday: 10:00 am – 6:00 pm
- Monday: 2:00 pm – 6:00 pm
- Sunday: Closed
October to March (Winter)
- Tuesday to Saturday: 9:00 am – 5:00 pm
- Monday: 1:30 pm – 5:00 pm
- Sunday: Closed
- Monday to Saturday: 9:30 am – 3:00 pm
- Friday: 2:00 pm – 4:00 pm
- Sunday: Closed
- Bangladeshi Citizens: ৳ 20.00
- Citizens of SAARC Countries: ৳ 100.00
- Other Foreign Citizens: ৳ 200.00
- Students(till secondary school): ৳ 5.00
How to go: Tajhat palace is just 3 kilometers away from Rangpur city. You can take an auto-rickshaw or rickshaw to go to Tajhat area to visit the palace of Tajhat.
To visit places Within the city limits, you may visit First up in Jadu Nibash. It is the house of politician Mashhour Rahman Jadu Mia. It was constructed over 150 years ago by Raja Gopal Lal Rai Bahadur. It is stated that The Rangpur Town Hall Building and the old Judge Court were built nearly the same period as the Jadu Nibash. The approximate age of this house is one hundred years.
How to go: Jadu bash is situated in Rangpur city beside Rangpur government college, Radhaballav. You may go there with a short ride to rickshaw or auto-rickshaw.
Pirgacha Manthana Kingdom Estate:
Piranha Manthana Kingdom was founded around 1100 AD. The Manthana Kingdom Estate was split up into two parts Thereupon the death of Raja Rajendra Narayan Roy Choudhury. Princess Kabita Rani Roy Choudhury owns legally the entire property of over 100 acres of territory, with a pond and a temple. The Kachari House of the Manthana Palace is presently using as Pirgacha Registrar Office.
Devi Chaudhurani palace:
A visit to Rangpur can be all the more unforgettable with a trip to the famous Palace of Devi Chaudhurani. The popular Bengali writer, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was the Collector of Rangpur while under the assistance of the British rulers. He composed the outstanding novel Devi Chaudhurani to characterize her as a dacoit- queen. Thereon the death of the king of the Manthana Estate, Raja Rajendra Narayan Roy Choudhury, his spouse Queen Devi Chaudhurani began to rule the state and her popularity as a ruler brings her to continue for another three decades. Though the British government took over much of her highness’s kingdom but not for long. Unfortunately, an earthquake destroyed some Portions of this palace.
How to go: This palace is situated in etakumari, Pirgacha so it is a 40 min ride on the famous auto rickshaw of Rangpur city
Ahead the Rangpur-Dinajpur highway there is a three-domed mosque named Kellaband Mosque. This was constructed about 200 years ago. An very old graveyard is also situated behind this mosque.
How to go: Ride on a rickshaw or auto-rickshaw (Battery Driven Rickshaw) to tour to this area from Rangpur.
Bhinno Jagat, Rangpur:
Bhinno Jagat, Rangpur is one of the numerous travel spots. It is an enormous picnic spot and tourist center in the Rangpur region. Tourists from different parts of the country come here to visit. It is located at Gangipur in Gangachara Upazila, about 20 km from Rangpur Sadar.
Bhinno Jagat is the first planetarium in Bangladesh. Once you get there you will be lost in the crowd of planets and stars. Find out how the Earth was created by the ‘Big Bang’.
Bhinno Jagat is created privately by combining the tradition of rural Bengal and modern technology. In addition to the heritage of rural Bengal, you will find picnic spots, bird sanctuaries, shopping malls, community centers, skill test robot zones, modern conference centers with 500 seats, and swimming pools.
It is a great place for entertainment for children too which comes with “Shishu kanon” (playground of children), Helicopters fly-zone, Marries go round, a Space journey, Nagardola, Spider Zone, Kangaroo Moving, sculptures of Birshreshtha and Bahasainiks and boat trips to the vast lake. Considering the advantages and disadvantages of tourists, there is an information center in Bhinno jagat, which provides tourists with different information and helps to find lost things
Opening hour: Bhinno jagat from 8 is to 7:30 pm all year round.
Costing: The entrance fee to the park is 50 taka per person. Tickets for each ride will cost 5 to 30 taka.
How to go: You can take auto-rickshaw to medical more, Rangpur city. Then you can pick up a direct auto-rickshaw or hire microbuses to go to the paglapir area nearby Saidpur, Rangpur.
Anandanagar picnic spot:
Ananda Nagar is a large theme park and picnic spot situated in Pirganj Upazilla, Rangpur. This park was built in 2007 which is approximately 25 kilometers away from Rangpur City. There are so many monuments in this park to attract visitors. The main entrance is decorated with a canon recollection of independence war and a guard saluting riding on a horse. This park is included with a community center. Sharky, children’s toy train, toy plane. Shyamal Babu, a sculptor from Chandipur village, has made several beautiful sculptures.
Planetarium, several electric toys for children, ice country, floating helicopters, sculptures commemorating freedom fighters, 2 traffic sculptures pointing the way, ancient history of the people of Anandnagar Built on large ponds. There are several cottages for visitors from far and wide to rest.
How to go: Direct bus ride or separate Auto-rickshaw can be a good way to go to Anandanagar.
Prayas Sena Amusement Park :
The Bangladesh Army built Prayas Sena Amusement Park on both sides of the Ghaghat River in 2013 with an area of about 1,100 acres. Those who love boating would like the arrangement of the board for striking out the river. Eighty-five percent of Prayas Sena park’s earnings are disbursed on the welfare of the disabled. The army outpost has made the entire recreation center safe and secure.
The park is quite tidy and clear. On one side of it flows the calm, majestic, and gigantic wiry river Bhagat. There are restaurants with delicious food service running by army right next to the river bhagat. You can enjoy sipping a cup of coffee while watching the precise tide flowing in the narrow river. And the sweet soft light of the golden sun in the western sky falls into the river water and creates an enchanting different atmosphere. And at such a moment in a beautiful environment who won’t like to chat with close people, family or friends and that might be a great memory to recall for a long time of your life.
How to go: Prayas Sena Park is located on Nisbetganj Road in Rangpur city. This suburban amusement park costs 15-20 taka to go by rickshaw from the medical turn. If you travel by auto in line, the cost will come down to 10 takas.
Chikli beel, Rangpur:
Chikli Beel is a wonderful tourist destination next to Rangpur city. The bill is full of birds chirping. Tourists are easily attracted by the sight of the bill and various rides. People who love the natural environment and want the feel the fresh air in the rural part of Rangpur, Bangladesh but have no time to go for a tour, for them chili beel is an amazing place to sit and relax with some fresh air with good sights to watch. There has been provided a few rides in the park for the enjoyment of the children and adults as well. There are group and solo boating opportunities as well as speedboats. A day time in this park can be a calming time for you to enjoy with just 20 Taka ticket worth.
How to go: 15 taka rickshaw can be added to the bill from the bank turn of the suburbs
Townhall, Rangpur :
Rangpur Town Hall is the conventional headquarters for the full artistic and political activities in Rangpur. Town Hall is carrying out the tradition and recall of nearly a century. This is not just a hall, but relatively a cultural, political, and social center for various stages and classes of people living in Rangpur.
Formerly famous characters of integrated India, writers, poets, and all categories of culture enthusiastic community were used to appear here regularly. From there to current times, numerous cinematic personalities have revealed the means of free thoughts of Bengali culture. Rangpur Town Hall is a leading witness to various historic social and political events and circumstances of Bangladesh. When Rangpur tawn hall was first established in the middle of Rangpur, it was named “Rangpur Natya Samaj Griha”.
During the liberation war of 1971, the Pakistani army forcefully took over this building and used it as a “mass torture center”. People from all over the Rangpur division used to be carried out here. This town hill building has watched a lot of torture and killing of innocent people at that time. Rangpur Town Hall is regardlessly standing as an alive history with all the terrible memories.
Rangpur Townhall has a vast library too for the guests. Every day people with the thrust of knowledge assemblies here in this town hall of Rangpur city. They stop here to glimpse at the living witness of true records. If you come to Rangpur as visitors and are fond of different types of historic spots, you must pay a visit to Rangpur Town Hall.
Keramatiya Mosque and Mazar:
We know Hajrot Abu Bakkar (Ra) was the very first ruler or Khalifah of Islam.
Muslim saint Hajrot Maulana Keramot Ali Jaunapuri (Rh) was in the 35th breed of Hazrat Abu Bakkar (Ra). Maulana Jaunapuri (Rh) was bred in 1225 Hijri at Mulatol colony in Jaunapuri of MadhoProdesh, India. When get matured he arrived at Rangpur with a motive for spreading Islam.
As getting charmed by his knowledge, personality, and simple life scheming people of this region started to get influenced and a higher amount of citizens took Islam as their religion. After the death of saint Hajrot, Maulana Keramot Ali (Rh) on 30 may in 1873 beside his tomb the karamotia Mosque was constructed.
The unique Rectangular shaped of domes of the mosque were built according to the Mughal architecture and regional wonderful craft. Its inner size is 42′-0″*13′-0″. The Width of the east-west border of the Mosque is 3′-3″ north-south wall is 2′-10″. The height of the mosque is about 18′-0″ from the floor. The crowns were built over an octagonal drum size setting. In the deeper portion of the domes, there are Marlon designs. The keramatiya mosque is a very holy place for the Muslim dwellers of Rangpur city.
How to go: Rangpur division is privileged with transfortation. If You can take a rickshaw or auto rickshaw this place from Rangpur.
Dewan Bari Jamindaarbari:
The Dewan Bari Jamindaar Bari was established by Fonivuson Mojumdar. Fonivuson Mojumdar was the son of Landlord Radharomon. Also known as the second wife of Radharomon Kusum Kumari was the mother of Fonivuson Mojumdar.
Fonivuson Mojumdar was born in the Rangpur region. This owner dwelling is a tiny 2 stores Building where the main entrance creates the main attraction. The main gate of this small building seems like a Mughal Castle – entrance. After prohibited the Real estate practices in 1952, this house was auctioned. Now there have made a school as well as a few business centers. Though you might check out the old but gorgeous architecture of Deowan Bari jamindaarbari.
How to go: The down Bari jamindaarbari is located at Deowan Bari road in Rangpur city. You may go to a rickshaw to take a visit to this landmark on the road to betpotti.
Lastly I would like to tell you that if you come to Rangpur then you will definitely come back from Rangpur Division with a wonderful experience. I can definitely say that Rangpur is an ideal city for a traveler. I say again you come to Rangpur you will be fascinated by the natural environment of Rangpur, the tourist center, the people of Rangpur and the delicious food. So don’t miss to travel to Rangpur Division and learn about it.