Panam Nagar history in Bangla amazing beautiful and Rich

Last Updated on March 1, 2021

You may search about Panam nagar history in Bangla. Panam Nagar is a famous historical spot for tourists in Bangladesh. Learn more from this document about this ghost city before going there.

Sonargaon is an eastern Bengal city of Bangladesh. It is one of the most important cities for its historical background. According to legend, a number of ancient kings and sultans ruled this region many times. They built it the capital of their realm.

This city was also famous for its trading. Many weavers and artisans still live in this area. From ancient, it has become the most important town in Bengal. Many migrants came here to settle.

It has enormous historical places to visit.  This area is famous for the Bangladesh Folk Arts And Crafts Museum. There are also other historical sites to note.

You will see many Sufi shrines, archaeological buildings, Hindu temples, etc. Mosques and tombs are also enjoyable to see, built-in time of the Sultanate. For this, Sonargaon attracts a large number of tourists every year in Bangladesh.

Panam Nagar is another notable town in Sonargaon. Get the taste of historic flavor after visiting there. This one was a famous city for traders and Muslim Sultans. Derelict buildings are telling you the glorious past of this town.

Now, come across this article to enhance your knowledge. Here, we have placed all information about Panamnagar’s history. It will not disappoint you to be familiar with this town.


Panam nagar History in Bangla| Find full information

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Panam nagar

We know you want to visit Panam Nagar, Sonargaon. Before making a tour, you should know the historical background of an area.  It will help you to pass your time with pleasure. We will discuss with you now about the historic Panam Nagar. Let’s dive into Panam nagar history in Bangla.


What is the History of Panam Nagar?

Panam nagar history in Bangla started for many centuries. Sonargaon was famous to people of Mughals and British rulers. Once, it was Medieval Bengal capital. In the 15th century, Isha Khan’s time became the center of politics and trading.

There were three famous cities in the early medieval age in Sargon. They are;

  • Borknagar
  • Khasnagar
  • Panam Nagar

Among the three cities, Panam Nagar is well known from old age. Get some old buildings there. These were built centuries ago. It reminds of the history of Baro Bhuyan.

Panam, the ancient name of Panam, is the locality of Sonargaon. It was used as a Hindu capital city in the late 13th century, according to local people.

From 1338, it became part of the Muslim metropolitan area. In this town, Muslim governors constructed their residence at that time.

Later, the Mughals conquered the city in 1610. They constructed many bridges and highways here. Still, these are using.

You will find these canals and bridges on three sides of Panama city. They indicate the Panam as a suburban part of the medieval town. The notable bridges of the Mughal era are;

  • Panam bridge
  • Jabalpur bridge
  • Panam Nagar bridge

British rule started in Bengal in the nineteenth century. At that time, it developed as the center city of trade. Panam people traded cotton fabrics and English goods most.

About 1400 Hindu and Muslim families lived in and around the Panam. The Majority of them were weavers from Marwaris, Bengali Hindus, and Muslims.

In Panama, the East India Company established its factory to buy muslin and many other cotton fabrics. The company paid weavers on an annual basis. It paid in advance for cotton fabrics.

In that colonial period, some Hindu merchants came from Kolkata to Sonargaon. They settled here, their ancestral land. Next, they began to establish a township there. These people were wealthy and started a new township in Panam Nagar.

Panam These buildings followed the design of European and Bengali architectures. At colonial rule, there were also some offices, temples, and mosques in this town. In short, it was a well-established town of the medieval age.

The establishment continued from the beginning of the 19th century and ended in the early 20th century. Panam Nagar flourished till the Second World War in 1945. The Panam city joints 2500km historic Grand Trunk Road with it.

Later the town was abandoned during the division of Bengal in 1947. This division inspired the riots of Hindu and Muslims. Then, Hindu merchants fled to India, left behind all their assets.

After the migration of Hindus during the Indo-Pak War, the city became empty.  They didn’t come again to claim it. Later, many natural disasters made it abandoned.

Low maintenance, illegal occupation, and vandalism are also responsible for final decay. Most of the buildings have become vulnerable to global climate change.

The Department of Archaeology proceeded restoration works to some buildings. But, it could not carry out the job for lack of sufficient funds. It declared the place as a protected heritage site.

Bricks are now damp and insect-damaged the woodworks of buildings. Destruction causes the negligence of authorities. Yet, people travel there to get a touch of the past golden era.

In 2006, Panam Nagar became one of the 100 ruinous historical establishments by the World Monument Fund. In 2009, the Bangladesh government took the authority of management from unauthorized occupation. Now, it has become the most visited place in Bangladesh.


What you will see in Panam Nagar

Panam Nagar is full of medieval structures. In fact, the whole of Sonargaon city has many historical monuments scattered here and there. You can have a memorable time here.

Today, you don’t find any life in Panam Nagar. It has become a quiet and calm village. It remains undeveloped from the Second World War. People call it the dead city and Ghost city, now.

Find the Panam city built in a single street. The street is 600 meters long and 5 meters wide. Fifty-two buildings are standing in rows on two sides of the road.  These lines end to Panam Bazar.

The buildings are not in use now. You will find 31 buildings on the north side and 21 on the south side of the road. See parabolic shape in the design of building doors and windows.

Massive columns are giving support to the ceiling of buildings. Please find some of them decorated with a lobby, balcony, and veranda. These were made for show off.

Bricks are the main elements of making houses. You can see wooden roofs in most houses. Owners used plaster decoration for interior design and façade decoration. Mosaic decoration was also popular for interior design. Local people call it chinitikri work.

There are canals around the Panam Nagar. The canals are artificially made. It seems that merchants used canals to protect the village. Panama Bridge is the entrance of Panam Nagar on the western canal.

If you visit this village, you will feel the glorious past of merchants. Imagine the dancer’s dance and songs performed in these buildings. You will enjoy the backyards with ponds and wells.

The building pattern shows the unity of the people living in that place. See that the decoration expresses the blending of European and local architectures. The disused structures represent the vibrant life of rich merchants in the past.

Enjoy four different types of buildings in this village:

  • Central hall type
  • Central courtyard type
  • Consolidated type
  • Compartment type

Most of the halls you get on the first floors of the houses. These halls are an expensive part of the buildings. Residential people decorated them more than other parts of the houses. Feel expression the power and wealth of the owners by these halls.

Courtyard type buildings are traditional rural buildings. See, these houses remain around the courtyard. The courtyard is open to the sky and paved area.

You will see major houses of Panam Nagar following consolidated design. They have no hall or inner court. Single storied buildings in Panama followed this typology.

Here, you will get some buildings with single compartments. These houses maintained proper balance without interior spaces.

If you want to visit Panama city entirely, start from the west side. Move forward to the eastern part until you reach the end of the town. You should go in slow to observe the old structures of Panama city.

Further, you can visit Bangladesh Folk Arts and Crafts Museum after coming here. It covers a short distance from Panam Nagar. Canals around the city are also attractive to visitors.


Find the location of the Panam Nagar:

Visit Bangladesh to find the Historic Panam Nagar. The location of this city is in Sonargaon of Narayanganj district, Bangladesh. Sonargaon was once the political center of many Sultanates and dynasties.

Panam Nagar is the most beautiful and attractive city located in Narayanganj. The city captured the 20 kilometers area of Sonargaon.

Panam Nagar is 34 kilometers far from Dhaka city.  The distance is very near to Dhaka. You can move in a day by visiting the place. Narayanganj is one of the districts of the Dhaka Division.

Once used as the administrative center, the city is now becoming a historical spot in the Dhaka Division, Bangladesh. Many foreign and local people visit the place to find out the old history of Mughal Emperors. You are able to acquaint yourself with the lifestyle of them.

The government built a new road for residents around the town. They used Panam Street before. Dhaka National Museum has acquired the place and made the visitor limited.

It built a boundary around the Panam Nagar to protect it from the flood. The authority also manages it from criminal damage and illegal power.

Earlier, you can visit the place any hours. There was no boundary of it before, and you didn’t need any ticket. But, now you are able to go there at some specific time. You have to manage the ticket to see the Panam Nagar.


How you will go to Panam Nagar

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Panam Nagar location

Do you want to go to Panama after reading the Panam nagar history in Bangla? It is easy to move from Dhaka to Panam Nagar. You can find a direct bus from Gulistan, Dhaka, heading to Sonargaon, Narayanganj.

The journey may take less than two hours to reach the destination. From Narayanganj, hire an auto-rickshaw. It will take 10 minutes if you go to Panam Nagar.

If you visit the Sonargaon Museum, it is easy to come to this city from there. Walkout for 10 minutes or hire a rickshaw from the museum gate to go to Panam Nagar.

You can hire private service for the day-long tour to Panam Nagar, Sonargaon. It may cost more but is comfortable for you and time-saving.


FAQ: For Panam Nagar History in Bangla

It became abandoned when a religious riot occurred in 1947. At that time, Hindu merchants fled to the neighboring country, giving charge to the caretaker.

There are 52 disused buildings. These were the houses of Hindu wealthy merchants.

It is famous for its historical background. It was the place of the royal court of Bengal Sultanate. The city was also the early capital of Bengal.

Many auto-rickshaws are available from the spot to Sonargaon. Then, you can get a direct bus heading to Dhaka after visiting the place.


Final Verdict:

Panam nagar history in Bangla must provide you the unlimited pleasure of knowledge. You will become speechless to hear the story of the wealthy lifestyle of its past owners. It will also make you feel the sorrow of losing the properties of merchants forever.

So, the city is enough to give you the satisfaction of gathering knowledge. Now, make a plan to visit Panam Nagar. Read this writing before going there. It will make you acquainted with the city enough.


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