Last Updated on March 1, 2021
The national anthem of Bangladesh is the national pride of Bangladesh. The nation cannot deny his contribution as a Bangladeshi. December 16 is its victory day. On this day, the Bengalis achieved ultimate victory over Pakistani occupation forces.
According to its pride, the national has occupied its landmark symbol in nationalism. As a Bengali national song has attempted its inspiration towards the war.
It is enriching with a lot of memories and historical symbols. Many of us didn’t know about the actual historical background of it. Let us have a look at the vivid information about the Anthem of Bangladesh.
National Anthem of Bangladesh
It is the song that the country plays on governmental issues. Every country has owned its national anthem after the independence war. They sing it on every national program.
Bangladesh has also gained its anthem. It is calling “Amar Sonar Bangla.” It consists of 56-70 lines, including 6-7 stanzas. But only the 25 lines are singing on every national program. Let’s take a clear concept of it.
Independence Background of Bangladesh
Freedom is the bright right of a man. But freedom doesn’t come down on a nation.
Bangladesh experienced 190 years of long British colonial rule. It ended up in 1947 with the partition of the Indian subcontinent. It gave the birth of two independent States, India and Pakistan. Bangladesh became a province of Pakistan named East Pakistan.
The deprivation and exploration of the Pakistani rules created grievances and resentment among East Pakistan. They rose again and revolted against the Pakistani oppressors.
This time they demanded a complete breakup with Pakistan. East Pakistan voiced for an independent nation.
In 1952 protests reacted throughout East Pakistan against the Urdu. It was also for recognition of Bangla as the state language of Bangladesh. The ruling authority imposed section 144 as the protest grew stronger.
Students, political figures, and general people brought out a march in the University of Dhaka area, defying section 144.
The police charged fire on the procession. As a result, many met martyrdom. Finally, Bangla had recognized as the state language. Since then, 21 February is observing throughout the country with solemnity and due homage.
On November 17, 1999, UNESCO recognized the language movement and sacrifices of the Martyrs.
On February 21, we had sung the tragic song of
“Amar Vaier Rokte Rangano, Ekushe February”
Ami ki Vulite pari”.
The cause of the liberation war started with social discrimination, political deprivation, and economic exploitation. Pakistani authorities exploited the people of this region like the colonial period. Development programs were taking up for the West Pakistani mills and factories etc.
Moreover, Pakistani authorities denied recognizing the electoral triumph over the Awami League. It was under the leadership of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 1970.
The leadership became obvious that was not possible. Then it was impossible to co-exist as two provinces. And it was time for liberation. These social, cultural, and economic or political factors ended by the liberation war.
On March 7, 1971, Sheikh Mujibor Rahman, addressing a huge crowd in the historic racecourse ground, declared independence. On March 26, Major Ziaur Rahman, on behalf of Sheikh Mujib, declared Bangladesh’s independence.
The liberation forces were comprised of former EPR members, freedom fighters, army personnel, and police. India provided guerrilla training and other support to the freedom fighters.
After a nine-month bloody struggle, the Pakistani army surrendered to the Allied forces at Race Course ground on December 16, 1971. Thus the world got a new and free nation.
National Symbols of Bangladesh
The national symbols of Bangladesh are many. Bangladesh national currency consists of a water-lily in the middle and two rice husks on either side.
The name of independent Bangladesh is the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. The color of the national flag of this country is red in the middle of the green
The green of the national flag is the symbol of the green village of Bengal. The red color represents the last of the martyrs of the liberation war of this country. Some important symbols are:
- National Emblem
- Memorials, etc.
History of the National Anthem of Bangladesh
Bangladesh got freedom in 1971. But the composition of Bangladesh national anthem was almost six decades ago. Bengal was dividing into two parts based on the Muslim and Hindu majority in 1905. It supported the Swadeshi movement. Then, it became vocal to prevent the partition of Bengal.
According to Satyen Roy, the song had first sung at a protest rally in Calcutta on August 6, 1905. Yet, no one found the evidence.
The song had published on September 6 of that year (22 Bhadra of 1312 BS) in Sanjivani and the same year in the Ashwin issue of Bangadarshan.
Who Wrote National Anthem of Bangladesh
Amar Sonar Bangla song was composed in the context of the Partition of Bengal movement of 1905. Satyen Roy first sang the song on August 8, 1905. The place took at the Town Hall in Calcutta.
The melody of this song by Dadra Tal was taking from Gagan Harker’s song. The song was singing in 1889. After that, Rabindranath Tagore has made this song exceptional under his supervision. It is written by the world poet Rabindranath Tagore.
Importance of the National Song
The need for a national hymn is high. It is playing with special reverence on:
- Independence Day,
- Victory Day, and
- Mother Language Day.
The national anthem is a recognizing song. The song is playing on various state occasions and national occasions.
It has owned the pride of our nationality. We pay respect while the anthem has been played. It is a symbol of the inner nationalism of the Bengalis. Know Bangladesh as a separate and independent state by it. It captures Bangladesh’s beauty through its every line.
Use of National Anthem in Bangladesh
On January 13, 1972, the Government of Bangladesh decided to sing the song’s twenty-five lines. It took the first ten lines as the national song. Get Article 4 (1) of the ‘First Part’ (Republic) of Bangladesh’s Constitution. It states, “The first ten lines of the national song of the Republic ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’.”
In the same year, the notation of the song ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’ was used as the national hymn of Bangladesh. It was approving by the Visva-Bharati Music Board.
Ordinary citizens and uninformed persons are permitting to show respect when performing the song. Students show respect in educational institutions.
The government plays this song in all inaugural and special ceremonies and public meetings. And the Diplomatic Mission will hold under the rules approval rules of the Anthem. The first four lines of the national song are using in instrumental music and the military.
National Anthem of Bangladesh in English
The full meaning of the Bangladesh national song is so sweet. It is singing on the heart soul. Here I am attaching an English translation of this ode.
- 1st line: My Golden Bengal, I love you.
- 2nd line: Forever thy skies, thy air set my heart in tune as if it were a flute,
- 3rd line: O mother! the aroma of the mango orchard
- 4th line: In Ifalgun drives me crazy, Ah! What a thrill!
- 1st line: O mother in Ogrohayon time sees sweet
- 2nd line: smile all through mature fields of paddy.
- 3rd line: What beauty, what shades, what affection, What tenderness!
- 4th line: What a quilt have three spread at the feet of banyan trees and along the bank of every river,
- 1st line: Oh mother mine, words from my lips are
- 2nd line: like nectar to my ears.
- 3rd line: Ah, what a thrill!
- 4th line: If sadness, O mother! casts a gloom on your face,
- 5th line: My eyes are filling with tears!
FAQ For National anthem of Bangladesh
About 10-12 lines have been singing in any institute of this song.
Yes, this is a poem named “Amar Sonar Bangla” written by Rabindranath Tagore.
You will get it in Gitobitan.
Dadra tal is the rhythm.
You have to stand, listen, and show respect.
Final touch National anthem of Bangladesh
The national anthem of Bangladesh has enriched with some deep meaning and affection towards its mother tongue. Ten years of school have passed with these steps of the national anthem.
Every morning work is a time of extreme dislike. But sounds of song from morning school, makes the day. Today in school, children’s voices next to the house makes the song nostalgic.
One of the most important organs for an independent country is its ‘national song’. The national hymn played at the beginning of every small and big state event has an inherent effect.
The song topped the list of top twenty Bangla songs made by the BBC Bangla as the listeners’ choice. Now, come to Bangladesh and attend national events to hear sweet anthem.