Mahasthangarh History in Bangla best Ancient amazing capital

Last Updated on March 1, 2021

Are you planning to visit historical places? You may hear about the site Mahasthangarh. Do you want to know the Mahasthangarh history in Bangla? If yes, read the whole Mahasthangarh paragraph.

Bangladesh is rich in archaeological inheritance.  Most of them you will get in the medieval age. Many Buddhist and Hindu dynasties enriched the history of this country. You will see many Buddhist monasteries all over the region. Mahasthangarh is one of them.

This place is great to visit in Bangladesh. Mahasthangarh is a Buddhist antiquarian site in the 3rd century B.C. Now, it is the most attractive place for both visitors and archaeologists.

The old name of this city is Pundranagar. It was the capital city of this area. Now, it is a fantastic exposure to the early history of Bangladesh.

Here you will find a museum, well and other attractive places to enjoy. The arrangement of the walkway and benches near the fort are pleasant for outsiders. The gardens are also amazing to see.

The enjoyable history of this place must fulfill your thirst for knowledge. Now, are you wondering how to know details about it? Follow the complete guide from here. It will provide you with all history related to Mahasthangarh.

Mahasthangarh history in Bangla|Learn details

This place has a fascinating history to learn. This article will give you the entire historical background of Mahasthangarh citadel. Let’s go on the archaeological visit and know Mahasthangarh history in Bangla.


Find the history of Mahasthangarh in depth

Look back to the 3rd century B.C. to find the glorious history of this city. Mahasthangarh history in Bangla is about 1600 years old. In its golden past, it was the capital of different kings in the medieval period. Mauryan, Pala, Gupta, and some other notable kings used it as their important city of the kingdom. Later, few Hindu emperors also used it as their prime city.

Many notable persons worked to discover the identification from the ruins at this place. In between 639 – 645 A.D., a Chinese pilgrim Yuan Chwang visited the Pundranagar. Next, in 1879, Sir Alexander Cunningham was the first man to identify the city as Pundravardhana capital.

The most area is full of Buddhist, Hindu, and also Muslim sites. Mauryan dynasty started its history first. The Buddhist realm dominated here till the 11th century. Find considerable time between the 8th and 11th centuries.

At that time, North Bengal Pala emperors ruled this place. You will find most of the remaining in this period. The forts are under the Mauryan kingdom, which was constructed first. The time of Mughal invasions made its disuse. Some historical mounds beside the citadel are:

  • Govinda Bhita
  • Bagalkot
  • Khulna Dhap
  • Gokul Medgh
  • Shiladebir Ghat
  • Khujar Dhap
  • Totaram Panditer Dhap, etc.


What will you see visiting Mahasthangarh

Find ancient cultural flavor from here. You can able to imagine the early civilization of Bangladesh after coming to Mahasthangarh. The place is well maintained and best for a day trip. You can also stay here. There are many exciting and iconic things to see. Some amazing places among them are:

Bashor Ghar: Bashor Ghar is the great historical sites of Mahasthangarh, excavated 80 years ago. It is the history of near about the 7th century. Yet, the red-brick pavilion represents the ancient story of Behula and Lakhindar. Local people describe the tragic story of them years after years.

According to local legend, it was the wedding place of Behula. She was the daughter of a famous Bengali merchant. A venom snake bit her husband on the wedding night. Feel extreme sorrow in her life to visit here. Next, she brought back her husband from goddess Manasha.

The central doorway is yet under the earth. But you can go up by the broken staircase to the peak of the pavilion.  Go 1.5 km south from Mahasthangarh to visit Bashor Ghar. You will find it in Gokul village.

Citadel: Citadel is the fascinating site of Mahasthangarh. The rectangular fort is 1.371km from east to west and 1.523 km north to south. It has high and broad ramparts in its branches.

The Karatoya River flows on the east side of the citadel. It is the Holy River for Hindus, where they make a pilgrimage every year in April. The fort represents the evidence of Hindu kingdoms. There was also a holy tomb and mosque in the south-east part of it.

Now, you will find some testaments and mounds inside the citadel, constructed in Mauryan times. Get some gateways at several points. They are:

  • Kata Duar(in the north)
  • Dorab Shah Toran(in the east)
  • Burir Fatak(in the south)
  • Tamra Dawaza(in the west)

Mahasthangarh Museum: This is a good site full of local history.  The museum is small but beautiful. It has various objects discovered from the surroundings. Mahasthangarh Brahmi inscriptions are one of them.

A day laborer found it in 1931. The Prakrit text in it indicates the Maghdi royal order during the Asoka rule. There are also other inscriptions preserved in a museum. Arabic and Persian inscriptions are notable.

The museum preserves some coins, ceramics, and sculptures from ancient times. Find a few terracotta plaques here. It depicts the daily life of the representative. Well-preserved bronze images and necklaces also represent the ancient monasteries found in ruins.

You will see statues of Hindu gods in it and a beautiful garden near the museum. Come 15 kilometers far from the main town to reach there. This museum is an important point for all who visit here.

Shah Sultan Bulkhi Mazar: This one is a holy place for Muslims. Get it in the core of Mahasthangarh town near the bus stop.

Shah Sultan Bulkhi was an Afghan warrior in the 14th century. Bulk, the son of Shah Ali Ashgar was also crown prince. But he became a follower of Shaykh Tawfiq, the religious preacher of Damascus.

According to history, He came here by a fish-shaped boat. Then, he demanded some land to preach Islam to King Parshuram. Bulk spread a mat which reached the palace of Parshuram. Next, the king declared war against him.

Bulkh defeated Parshuram, the Hindu king. He ruled the area for many years and spread Islam in Bogra and Sandip. This saint came here by a fish-shaped boat.

Anyway, there is no evidence about his death. Mughals paid great honor to his shrine. They made an entry gate there, known as Buri Ka Darwaza. Khodadil built a large mosque with a single dome near the Mausoleum. Still, it remains usable.

If you come to Mahasthangarh, visit this holy place. The serene beauty of the shrine fascinates you must. Also, get the divine touch of the Mausoleum.


Govinda Bhita Hindu Temple: Govinda bhita is the local name of this archaeological site. See this holy temple for Hindus on the bank of the Karatoya River. You will find the temple’s name in a metrical Sanskrit work during the 12th to 13th century, the Karatya.

It is an amazing place for time to pass and enjoy ancient structures. Some notable antiquities found in Govinda Bhita are:

  • Coins
  • Terracotta
  • Female figurines
  • Terracotta seals with Brahmi script
  • Semi-precious stone beads


Importance of Mahasthangarh history in Bangla

Bangladesh is small in size but rich in many historical sites. So, you can’t deny the historical importance of Mahasthangarh. It is the most significant attraction in Bangladesh. Being the capital of many empires, it became a famous city from ancient times.

It remembers the culture and daily activities of old Pundranagar. This one also exposes the Buddhist past relics that remind the royal power of Buddhism in Bangladesh. Mahasthangarh is a good indication of the earliest urbanization of old Bengal.

The fortification walls surround the whole area of Mahasthangarh. Find a vast amount of mounds and monasteries around the outside walls.

It reminds the long realm of the Buddhist dynasty. Interesting stories of ancient folks with this place fascinate the travelers who visit here.

Mahasthangarh is the priceless heritage of Bangladesh. For this, the government takes the initial steps to preserve the antiquity of this area.


Where is the Location of Mahasthangarh

Discover this capital of Pundranagar in the Bogra district of Bangladesh. Rajasthan is the village of Shibganj Upazila of district Bogra.

Here you will get the most of the part of Mahasthangarh. Go to the 11 kilometers north of Bogra town on Rangpur-Bogra highway to reach the place.

People believe that many kings chose this city as the capital for the highest area of the country. The land in this area is 118 feet above sea level.

Another important reason for selecting this region is its position and the vast size of Karatoya. Karatoya was three times wider than River Ganges in the 13th century. It is also a flood-free area for 15 to 25 meters elevation.


How will you reach the Mahasthangarh

All types of vehicles are available from the capital Dhaka to Mahasthangarh. You can go by bus from Dhaka to Bogra. It takes 4 to 5 hours journey to reach Bogra. Enjoy Bangabandhu Jamuna Bridge while the bus goes across the Jamuna River.

Now, catch a bus to go to Bogra to your desired place. No hurries.  There are many buses on this route. You will get Rickshaws for local movement.

You can also hire private transport for your comfortable journey. It will take less time to get there. One can come back to Dhaka after visiting the place in a day. But, accommodations are also available, if you stay more time.


FAQ For Mahasthangarh History in Bangla

You will find Mahasthangarh in the Bogra district, Bangladesh.

This city is famous for the ancient palaces of Buddhist and Muslim kings and Hindu temples.

In 1931, a day laborer discovered it.

It was found in village Mahasthan, Bogra district in Bangladesh.

Final Touch:

Rajasthan means the place of sanctity, and Garh means citadel or fort. So, this is the place of ancient forts or citadels. In Bangladesh, it remains the most exciting area of visiting a historical site. Everyday many local and foreign visitors come to this region to see the Mahasthangarh.

Day by day, the historical interest of this place is increasing to people outside the world as well as local citizens. Now, pay careful attention to this writing about the Mahasthangarh history in Bangla.  Then, get knowledge and enlighten yourself.

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