Last Updated on March 24, 2021
Do you want to know about the port city of Chittagong? This article will provide you all the information about this south-eastern city. It is a famous division for tourism in Bangladesh.
Anyway, we call Chittagong city Chattogram also. This Chattogram is the largest city in Bangladesh. It is also the primary and core seaport of the country. Present Chittagong is the country’s most prominent urban center after the capital city.
This city is important to all for its structure, political background, and natural beauty. The historical importance also makes Chittagong different from other Bangladesh’s divisions.
Here, you will see mountains, hills, streams, and the vast Bay of Bengal. There is no city in Bangladesh where one can see those things together. So, if you wish to visit Chittagong, it will be an excellent choice for you.
We find Chittagong on the Shore of Karnaphuli River. It remains between Chittagong hill tracts and the only sea of Bangladesh Bay of Bengal. This geographical structure makes it unique from other cities of the country.
The Chittagong Division is also familiar at home and abroad. It is famous for its location, economy, trade, education, and religious manner. You know the chief Indian Ocean port is in Chittagong, Bangladesh.
The mysterious beauty of this division always attracts travelers of the whole world. The natural wonders of the region charm the sightseers who come to visit here. The local people are so cordial and welcome guests with the highest hospitality.
The rolling landscape and scenic beauty make this city valuable to nature lovers. No one can avoid the enchanting tidal sounds of the Bay of Bengal anymore.
Now, sure enough, you have already made a plan to come here. So, read this piece of content to learn more before stepping into Chittagong.
History of Chittagong: The city of the ancient period
Chittagong is an old seaport for its anchorage. In the first century, Roman geographer Ptolemy mentioned it as one of the biggest Eastern ports.
Some research with the Stone Age’s fossil sand tools indicates that people started living in Chittagong from Neolithic times. It is an old region of the 4th century BC.
Chittagong had become an important area for trade, especially attracting Arab traders in the early 9th century CE. Many Sufis settled in Chittagong city. They began to spread Islam in the city.
Sultan Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah made it part of the Bengal Sultanate by conquering Chittagong in 1340 AD. At that time, the city had become the main maritime gateway to the Sultanate. It also became one of the wealthiest states in the Indian subcontinent. Sultan Ghyasuddin Azam Shah built mosques, tombs, and a highway from Chittagong city to Chandpur.
Before the Mughal Empire, Chittagong was under the control of Arakanese and Portuguese for 128 years. Kings from Arakan captured the province in the 16th and 17th centuries. In the 17th century, Portuguese pirates randomly attacked the region. In 1666, the Mughal Army conquered it under Shaista Khan. Economic progress started rapidly at the time of Mughal rule.
English East India Company faced the Mughal Army in the Anglo-Mughal war to capture the part city during 1686- 1690 but failed. Mughal dynasty ruled for another hundred years. At last, in Nawab Mir Qasim surrendered Chittagong to the English company.
The Pakistani Army could not get access to the seaport during the liberation war in 1971. The whole of Chittagong was under sector 1. Within a couple of years, the city recovered its status as an important port after Bangladesh’s independence.
Land: The ancient soil of Bangladesh
On the geographical map, Chittagong is the largest region of all the Bangladesh Divisions. The total area of this division acquires 33,771.18 square kilometers. Chittagong holds the south-eastern arm of Bangladesh. It stands about 19 km north of the River Karnaphuli.
This one is the most valuable division after Dhaka. The chief Indian Ocean port is in Chittagong of Bangladesh. Chittagong district is the second-largest city in the country, located in this division.
We find Bandarban, Khagrachari, and Rangamati on the east, Noakhali, and the Bay of Bengal on the west side of Chittagong. Again, you get Rangamati, Khagrachari, and Tripura on the north and Cox’s Bazar on the south of the city. Hills, Rivers, Valleys, forests, and the sea make it unique and distinct from other divisions.
Plants and Animal life: The natural beauty of mist and water
This largest division is renowned for its rich Ecosystem. Its water bodies and wetland are favorable for growing various types of trees and medicinal plants. The Chittagong Hill Tracts occupy half of the 17 percent forest areas of Bangladesh.
Among the 6000 flowering plants of Bangladesh, over 2000 grow in Chittagong. There are many medicinal plants in the hilly areas of Chittagong. Village people cultivate many herbal plants. They use these plants for medical values.
You know Bangladesh has few forest areas according to the total lands. These areas of vegetation include four different areas of Bangladesh. Chittagong Bangladesh consists of the eastern part along with Sylhet. The typical plants of this Zone are large bamboo and rattan. Bangladesh’s paper industry is depending on it.
Bangladesh is not much famous for its wildlife. But, Chittagong Division belongs to rare animals. Mammals are common here. We find a large number of elephants in the Chittagong Hill Tracts.
You can also see sun bears and gaur roaming the hilly areas. Other important animals of Chittagong hilly forest are:
- Sambar Deer
- Himalayan Serow
- Asian Golden Cat
- Barking Deer
- Leopard Cat
In local areas of Hill tracts, you will find some Arakan forest turtles. Olive Ridley sea turtles take shelter on the sea beach of Bangladesh.
People: The land of the diverse nation
Chittagong has many diverse people according to the ethnic and linguistic groups. This region attacked people from various countries on earth. They came here only from the seaport from ancient times. They left a permanent impact on the religion, language, culture of the people of Chittagong.
You may see people with special physical features who are foreign descendants. Arab ancestors have a narrow face, high cheekbones. Otherwise, the Mughal and Afghan soldiers’ male generation has a bull neck, thick beard, and robust feature.
Still, everyone can find Portuguese lineage in Chittagong. They are Roman Catholic, known as Firingis. Thus Matia or Firingis enjoyed certain privileges at the time of the British period.
Chittagongians are very enthusiastic. They are ready to leave their home in search of a better life. Some of them take sea life. Others go to neighboring countries to find sources of a better income.
Common inhabitants of Chittagong lead their livelihood by farming, fishing, and business. Few of them earn money by selling unique local products to visitors.
Most of the people of Chittagong are kind and friendly in attitude. Every year, many foreigners and people from other parts of the country come to Chittagong to visit. Chittagonians help them whenever they need. They are not harmful but friendly in behavior.
Ethnic groups: The home of the large tribes.
There are many indigenous in Bangladesh divisions. Some of them live in Rajshahi, Sylhet, Mymensing, Dinajpur, and Cox’s Bazar. But the large number of them reside in Chittagong Bangladesh. Chittagong Hill tracts, the part of Chittagong, are their main living places. Here, you will find eleven beautiful tribes who live in harmony with forests. They are:
About 70% of the population of Chittagong Hill tracts is ethnic groups.
The Chakma is the largest dominating indigenous community in Bangladesh. They live in center of the districts. The Marma is the second largest group who live in the north and south part of Hill tracts.
The major tribes are Buddhists. Some of them are followers of Hindus, Christians, and animism. There is a fair amount of mainstream Bengalis in this area. But they are different from other Bengalis people. Differences are visible in language, culture, and even appearance.
Ethnics in Chittagong lead a simple life but attractive and interesting. Women are the head of the families as the matriarchal system. Tribal females are hardworking and earn more than males. They are the source of core productive force.
The ethnics are self-confident and independent. They produce their own food. People cultivate lands following Jhum method. Village Chief solves disputes.
Females are skilled in handicrafts. They weave their dresses. Girls sell handcrafts and cloth to earn their livelihood. Some tribes are still related to hunting. The indigenous people belong to a colorful culture. In hill tracts, all ethnicities celebrate the same festivals. They are different in name.
For example, the main festival of tribes is ‘Baishabi Utshab.’ But the Marma calls it Sangrai, and Tripura calls it ‘Baisu.’ Otherwise, the Chakma calls it ‘Biju.’ People celebrate this festival at the time of Bengali New Year.
The tribal people of Chittagong Hill Tracts are very distinctive in dialect, rites and rituals, and dresses. The Chakma women wear floor-length skirts called ‘Pinon’ and ‘Hadi’ tops. The boys wear fatua and lungi. Again, the Marma men wear ‘Thami’ and women ‘Angi.’ But they wear modern dresses as well.
Tribal people love to live together and maintain a strong bond. They are honest in nature. In general, they are warm, hospitable, and peace-loving.
Language: The city of multitude language
If you hear the local language of Chittagong, you will become confused. You will not understand if you do not know the language.
Though Bengali is used here as the state language, the people have distinctive languages. Being an old commercial city, many people of different languages come here for trades. They left an impact on the language of Chittagong’s people. The widely used language in Chittagong is Chittagonian. This language is known as the Indo-Aryan language. Chittagonian has a mixer of many words from Arab, Portuguese, Persian, and English.
More than 13 to 16 million speak in this language. The tribal people have their own language and alphabets. They use distinctive dialects to speak.
The Marma use Arakese dialect to communicate. But the Chakma has own Bengali dialect to speak. This dialect is different from the common Bengali language. English is used in an educated society, legal system, and education.
Religion: The town of peace-loving people
Chittagong is the home of Aulias. This city is popular as Baro Auliayar Dex. Most of the people are Muslims in Chittagong Division. Islam is the prime religion in all over the city.
Ancient Arab Muslim traders came to this region in the 19th century. They settled here for spreading religion as well as commercial purposes. Islam entered this port city in many ways. After Arab traders, many Muslim Sufis arrived in Chittagong to preach Islam.
In large, Muslims in Chittagong city are Sunni followers. Shah Amanat Khan is the famous name of a Sufi Muslim figure in the 18th century. He is considered one of the most well-known saints of Chittagong.
It has Shia Muslim group who are rich and economically powerful. Ismailis and Twelver are notable of them. The Dawoodi Bohra group among Shias is also found in this division.
Maijbhandari Sufi is another important spiritual group following Islam in Chittagong. Syed Ahmed Ullah was a famous Bengali Sufi saint and Maijbhandari founder.
Hindus are another prevailing religion of Chittagong Division. About 12.65% of the total people of the city are Hindus. Baidya also belongs to Hindu caste living in Chittagong. They learn and teach the Hindu scriptures Vades. Some ethnic groups also follow Bengali Hindu religion.
Buddhism is another dominating religion in Chittagong. More than 65% Buddhist natives live in Chittagong Hill Tracts areas. Ethnic communities like Chakma, Tanchangya, Marma, Barua, and Jumma form the majority of Buddhism.
35% Bengalis Buddhists live in urban areas of Bangladesh. Most of them reside in Chittagong. Buddha Dhatu Jadi Temple is one of the famous Buddha monasteries situated in Bandarban.
A few Christians live in this region. Especially they are tribes of Chittagong Hill Tracts. Patharghata Catholic Church is one of the beautiful and renowned churches in Chittagong. It is also called the Portuguese Catholic Church, located at Patharghata.
Demographic Trends: The study of population
You may know demographics refer to the population-based on some factors. Such as-
- Marital Status
- Birth and death rate
- Employment and more.
In Chittagong Division, there have over 28423019 populations at the census 2011. The people of the metro area are 5,020,000 in 2020. It is 2.14% more than in 2019.
Here, of the 54.36% population was male, and 45.64% was female by gender in 2002. The literacy rate in the city was also 60% in that year. Muslims live 84% Hindus14% and other religions 2% in this city.
Muslims began their settlement in the 7th century and spread significantly in the medieval period. Arab and Persian traders, preachers, and rulers introduced Muslims in this region. Baruas is one old community of Buddhism in Chittagong and last residues in Bangladesh. A minor Bihari Colony is living in the ethnic territory.
Slum settlements are also increasing here like other urban centers of Southern Asia. This happens for the migration from rural areas and economic development. This city occupies the second largest position as slum dwellers after Dhaka. There are 635916 slum dwellers in the Chittagong City Corporation area.
Trade: The hub of commercial industries
For more information, Chittagong had become an important area for trade especially attracting Arab Traders in the early 9th century CE.
Chittagong provides 12% GDP of Bangladesh. It is the main export center of the country. This region covers almost half of the total export earnings of Bangladesh. If you calculate, it earns more than $20 billion in exports. For this, it is regarded as the lifeline and commercial hub of Bangladesh. Over 60% of the revenue earnings of Bangladesh come from this city.
Chittagong is a core financial center and coastal city in Bangladesh. It is the leading maritime gateway and the busiest seaport on the natural Bay of Bengal. This port is the third busiest international seaport in South Asia.
There are two stock markets in Bangladesh. These two stock exchanges play an active role in the trading system of the country. The first one is in Dhaka. And the second stock exchange market is in Chittagong.
This stock market has over 700 listed companies. The market capitalization of these companies is US 32$ billion, according to June 2015.
Chittagong handles 80% of Bangladesh’s international trade. In 2011, the port generated US 60 billion in yearly trade. $40% of the industrial outputs of Bangladesh come from Chittagong Division. Some important industrial parts of Chittagong are:
- Leather good
- Vegetable oils
- Electronics and motor vehicles.
The economy of this division widely depends on the textile and garments industries. Chittagong exported ready-made garments and earned the US $4.5 billion in 2011-12. The large paper industry the Karnaphuli Paper Mills is situated in this region.
Transportation: The advanced communication system
Like Dhaka, the Chittagong division has all modern transport facilities. Moreover, it has fewer traffic jams than Dhaka city. There are large avenues and streets throughout the whole metropolitan city. The city has buses, taxis, and small ‘CNG’ taxis. Pathao and Uber, the rides sharing companions, are also available in the city. Traditional rickshaws are very common to transport in Chittagong.
Many Luxurious coaches are available for you from Dhaka to Chittagong. You can make a tireless journey from anywhere to Chittagong. We can classify the transport system into three categories:
- Road transport
- By air
To improve the transport system, Chittagong Development Authority (CDA) is working with Chittagong City Corporation. CDA has already constructed flyovers and extended roads throughout the city. Some transportation is under construction. Underwater expressway tunnel is one of them. If this tunnel is built, it will be the first aquatic expressway in South Asia.
Dhaka-Chittagong highway is the major way to enter the city. By this, you can go to Chittagong city from most of the parts of Bangladesh. Chittagong- Rangamati Highway is another national highway to connect the other parts of Chittagong.
You can also enter Chittagong by train-service. There have two railway stations in Chittagong. Another one is Pahartali Thana. You will get train service from Chittagong city to Dhaka, Comilla, Bhairab, and Sylhet.
The Chittagong circular Railway plays a vital role in ensuring better transport service. Recently, the Government has planned to include Bullet Train in the Bangladesh Railway. It has already started research for that purpose.
The only airport in Chittagong is the Shah Amanat International Airport. This one is the country’s second-busiest airway. Regular domestic flights are available from Chittagong to Dhaka.
Government and Society: The influence of central Government
As the capital city, Chittagong is one of the mega ties in Bangladesh. After independence, the Government established the Chittagong Division. This division consists of eleven districts and also 99 sub-districts. The chief of divisional administration is the Deputy Commissioner and District Magistrate. They work as a part of the Government.
In the metropolitan area, the city corporation is in charge of governing municipal regions. The Mayor is the chief of the city corporation accommodate with ward councilor. The Chittagong Development Authority is co-ordinal in the implementation of urban city planning. CDA (Chattagram Development Authority) was created by the Government in 1959. CDA plans and works to ensure the organized and systematic growth of the city area.
Constitutional Framework: The representative of the governmental form
The constitutional framework of a division works for protecting the basic, political, and civil rights of the inhabitants. These frameworks also represent the governmental structure of the region.
The constitution of Chittagong provides a republican form of Government. Here, the Government governs the city with the Mayor, head of the city corporation.
This is the Government’s political aspect. It distributes power to various portions of the Government. This framework of Government ensures all types of rights of the citizens of the city.
The city corporation is responsible for providing the fundamental facilities to the people of Chittagong’s city corporation area.
This city corporation maintains law and order and ensures the rights of the inhabitants, equality, religious freedom, and justice together with the central Government.
In general, people of a particular area elect some person as their leader to work for them. The people work as a local government. They are the administrative head of that area. Local Government works for the development of rural areas. For example, Chairman, councils are the parts of this type of Government.
In Chittagong, a city corporation consists of 11 thanas such as Bakoliya, Bandar Halishahar, Pahartali, etc.
There are 41 wards and 211 mahallas under these thanas. All of them get administrative power by the popular vote of local people. This administrative authority works independently with the central Government.
The responsible works of local Government are:
- Public maintenance
- Roads and bridges repairing
- Cleanliness service
- Social service
- Water and Sewerage
- Urban planning
- Waste collection
- Local Laws
- Park and pool maintenance
- Protection of heritage
- Immunization service
- Education service
- Complaints about neighbors
Justice: The judicial system of Chittagong
Justice is one of the principal rights of the people. You must learn the justice system of a place before going there.
Everyone has the right to get equal justice from society. Government justice works to make sure of getting proper justice for the people of Chittagong. Metropolitan police handle governmental justice of the city. They are ready to solve and criminal offense. They will try to provide you possible justice as your complaint.
Metropolitan police commissioner and chief Metropolitan Magistrate ensure laws and orders of the citizens of Chittagong. The home ministry controls these two branches of justice.
Besides, there are High court and District Judge courts to give all legal support in the Chittagong Division.
The justice system that is concerned with the social structure is called social justice.
In Chittagong, apart from the Government many institutions work for social justice.
The components of social justice are:
- Equality in front of the law.
- Protect people from harassment.
- Protect from sexual discrimination.
- Provide economic equality.
Health and Welfare: The sufficient healthcare system
Do not worry about the health care system of Chittagong. Like Dhaka, Chittagong has modern hospitals, clinics, health centers. The Ministry of Health and family welfare maintains the health service system of Chittagong Bangladesh. All government hospitals in the city provide all kinds of health services.
Apart from this, there are some NGO-clinics in the central city and local areas of it. These NGO-run clinics offer health services on very low coast. Also, there are a large number of private clinics. They work on a commercial basis. The solvent people go there to get better treatment and a quiet environment.
The largest government hospital in the city is the Chittagong Medical College and Hospital. The oldest hospital was the Chittagong General Hospital, built-in 1901. Government run other important medical centers in Chittagong, include
- TB Hospital
- Family Welfare Center
- Infectious Diseases Hospital
- Mother and Children Hospital
- Police Hospital
I have also listed some notable private hospitals here. You can get proper treatment from there if you need it.
- Chittagong Metropolitan Hospital
- Surgiscope Hospital
- National Hospital
- Centre Point Hospital
Education: The standard learning system
The education system of this port city is not different from other parts of Bangladesh. There have four principal forms of schooling. Students must need to complete four major examinations controlled by the education board. Then they can step onto higher education.
There are some Madrashas, technical and vocational institutions in Chittagong. These two have different boards equivalents to the general education board. The Education Ministry of Government controls all these education boards.
You will find some private institutions and English Medium Schools here. The British Councilor watches over the examination of level and A level.
The ancient modern institution in this region is Chittagong College for higher education. The only public university is the Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Science University. Chittagong Medical College and Hospital is the only state-owned medical college in this part of Bangladesh.
The University of Chittagong, built-in 1966, is one of the largest and major Universities in the country. This university is 14 miles north of Chittagong city. CUET (Chittagong University Engineering and Technology) is one of Bangladesh’s significant five public engineering institutions. It was hosted in 1968.
There are also several medical colleges and private universities in the city, such as-.
- Asian University for women.
- East Delta university
- International Islamic University
- Chittagong Independence University
- University of Science and Technology Chittagong
One can also find some special-schools, preschools, international institutions, and public schools here.
Cultural Life: The unique city of culture view
Chittagong is the most exciting place in all Bangladesh Divisions. This city is also attractive to people from all around the world. The several waves of accommodations left a lifelong impact on the culture of the town. The divergent and multiethnic people are the primary genesis of Chittagong.
Anyway, Chittagong has rich in cultural food; you can enjoy them. Among them, the most traditional feast is ‘Mezbani.’ The spicy hot beef along with white rice is fantastic to grab. Another popular dish of this area is Kala Bhuna. People cook it following a unique cooking style. The main ingredients of this food are beef, traditional spice, and mustard oil.
Fish and rice are the main food of the people like other Bengalis. One can get an abundance of sea food in Chittagong for a close connection with the sea. Shutki or dried fish and crabs are quite popular here.
The Lungi, Fatua, or Pajama- Panjabi is the common attire for men of this city. Like other parts of Bangladesh, women wear Saree and Salwar-Kameez. But ethnics wear their own designed costumes. Nowadays, they wear modern cloth as well.
You will see many architectural features in mosques, Dargah, Shrines, and other stoneworks. Islamic structures of the city represent the architectural features of the Bengal Sultanate.
Chittagong city is also impressive in its poetry, song, and dance. Daulat Kazi was a famous poet in this place during the 17th century. Tribal communities have their own traditional cultural activities. Their exceptional performance of songs and dances are a favorite to all the people of Bangladesh. Chatgaiya songs are also famous for their uniqueness.
Daily life and social customs: The way of living
You already know, Chittagong is a dominant Muslim city. The large majority of the people of Chittagong belong to Islam. Most of them are very conservative. Being a city of shrines and saints, Muslims follow all rules and regulations of Islam.
People greet each other with salam. Local women don’t shake hands with an unknown person. Many of them wear long gowns and veils when they go out. The upper classes of women’s lifestyle are different from local women. They maintain the western lifestyle and attend parties.
Hindus people also follow religious and social customs. Men love to wear traditional Dhoti-Panjabi and perform Puja. Women apply vermillion and wear sarees.
Chittagonaians love to invite people. They greet relatives with a grand feast at various festivals. Their traditional feast item is Mezbani popular all over Bangladesh. The people of Chittagong love hot, spicy, and oily food.
The inhabitants of local areas lead a simple life. Almost all of them are related to farming, fishing, and regional trading for their livelihood. But urban people are doing many private and Government jobs and lead a modern lifestyle. The seaport is the source of earning for some people of Chittagong.
Anyway, ethnic people lead their life in the old traditional style. They live together and help each other with any problems. Most of them get married to their own cast.
Nevertheless, the public likes to stare at foreigners and visitors but not in a rude manner. They receive foreigners warmly and try to guide them if they need. They are cordial when talking with them.
Tourism: The city full of attractions
If you agree to the terms above, you can now visit Chittagong full of enthusiasm. This region is popular for tourist attractions both in national and international people. So, Chittagong is the right place to see the best exciting places for you. Sea, Rivers, Green hills, and some ancient establishments give the city a different look.
I have itemized ten main attractions for tour lovers:
Chittagong War Cemetery
This place is a memorable burial graveyard for soldiers who died in the Second World War. It has 755 graves, situated in the Badsha Miah Road in Chittagong city. Seventy-one graves are still unidentified. Commonwealth War Graves Commission maintains this cemetery, which was created by the British Army.
You will feel honor and pride for soldiers after visiting the grave ground. Don’t miss the opportunity to come here.
Shrine Bayazid Bostami
A gate closed to Nasirabad Cantonment is called the shrine of Bayazid Bostami. You will see a beautiful turtle pond here. Though there is no evidence of Bayazid Bostami, it is a famous place for local people and visitors.
Conversely, most of the inhabitants believe that this holy historic figure arrived here in the eighth century AD. Bayazid Bostami’s arrival is not impossible because Arab merchants used to come to Chittagong in the ninth century. But there is no clear information anywhere.
National Ethnological Museum
This is the best place for the researcher, along with visitors. This ethnological Museum is largely used for research purposes. The Museum is one of the two ethnological museums in the world. The next one is in Japan.
The primary purpose of building this Museum is fostering peer feeling and mutual-understanding. Built-in 1965, Ethnological Museum is situated in Agrabad includes 11 galleries to show 29 ethnic groups’ lifestyles in the country.
Make it a good pick to visit that you will learn about ethnic cultures and heritage and lifestyle. About 200 to 300 tourists come to visit the Museum every day.
Patenga Sea Beach
You know, Chittagong is renowned for its natural beauty along with the sea beach. Patenga is one of the vital sea beaches in Chittagong.
It is 14 kilometers away from the port city to the south. It is just in front of the River Karnaphuli. Here. You will hear the loud sound of the sea waves falling on the rocks. These large blocks of stones protect the place from erosion. You will get mouth-watering and delicious street food at a very low cost.
Batali Hill stands in the Tigerpass crossing, the heist hill in Chittagong city. Here, you also see an eternal flame remembering the martyrs of the Bangladesh Liberation war. From the 280 high hills, you can see most parts of the city and the Bay of Bengal clearly.
During the Second World War, anti-aircraft guns were crushed in this hill. This mountain is a great place for visitors to observe the town above.
You can enjoy the sunset in the sea from the peak point of Batali Hill. Everyday many people visit this mountain and ascend on it to breathe in the fresh air.
Chittagong Circuit House:
In 1913, the British Government established it as their resident. Chittagong circuit house is well known for many historical incidents. You can learn about them if you visit and also you will get a taste of British architecture.
This circuit house was the torture cell of the Pakistani Army in the liberation war of Bangladesh. They killed more than thousands of Bengalis in this place.
President Zia was murdered here on 13 May 1981. For this, it is used as preservation of President Zia’s memories. At present, it is named as Zia Memorial Museum. Still, it is a good looking building and attracts many tourists.
St. Martin Island
St. Martin Island is the only coral beach in the country. This small island is famous for coconuts to all. For this, people call it Coconut Island or Narikel Zinzira.
This coral reef islet is 9 kilometers south of Cox’s Bazar district of Chittagong. The total land area is only 8 kilometers in size. There are some other small islands adjacent to it. Chera Dwip or Separate Island is popular among them.
Even so, St. Martin is one of the most attractive natural places to make a trip. It allures anyone with huge coconut trees, corals in blue water, and a beautiful natural environment.
You must enjoy the striking beauty of sunrise and sunset here. Come here to visit, take a breath in the fresh morning air. Get the spa by taking a shower in cold blue water.
Chandranath Hill is an excellent place for mountain lovers. This hill is for one who likes to take a climbing adventure.
You will have to go to Sitakunda city to reach Chandranath Hill. It is the eastern portion of the Himalayas. This is the highest place in the district Chittagong. About 1152 feet tall, the hill is full of trees, fauna, and flora. Sitakunda Ecopark is built on low hill parts of it. Here, one can see the garden of mango, guava, and Betelnut. On the way to the hill, you will see some Hindu religious temples. The Chandranath Hill looks beautiful in the rainy season. Two waterfalls flow in full volume during the rainy season. But do not climb on the hill at that time because it becomes sleepy and dangerous.
Cox’s Bazar, another name Panawa is famous for the longest sandy sea beach on the globe. Panawa means yellow flowers. Yet, the other ancient name of this place is ‘Palongkee.’
The present Cox’s Bazar got its name from Captain Hiram Cox. He was a Superintend of Cox’s Bazar appointed by British East India Company. He dealt with the long dispute between local Rakhains and Arakan refugees. He won the heart of the local inhabitants. They established a market after his name, Cox’s Bazar.
Cox’s Bazar is one of the popular districts of the Chittagong Division. It is famous for its extreme natural beauty and 120 km long sea beach throughout the world. It becomes a crowded place in the tourist season like October to March. Many International hotels, motels have been built here for visitors. One can get all the luxurious facilities from there.
You can visit other notable beaches in Cox’s Bazar, such as Laboni Beach, Inani beach, Sughandha beach, Himchari beach, and Teknaf beach. All are the parts of Cox’s Bazar sea beach; only change its name in different places. The seawater becomes bluer the more you go to the south.
Bandarban Golden Temple
Buddha Dhatu Jadi or Golden Temple is a fantastic creation in Bandarban, Chittagong Division. This temple is on the top of the mountain, 200 feet high. It is a highly respected holy place for Buddhists. But the people of other religions come to visit here.
You will reach the temple by climbing elegant stairs. The color of this pagoda is golden. Mid-day is the ideal time to visit it. Gold color reflects by sunlight at noon. Then you will feel the light of heaven at that moment.
There, one can see many small prayer stations around the core temple. The dragon figure holding a golden bell is amazing. A waterfall is flowing nearby. You will see a lake on the hill called the pond of god (Debota Pukur).
This pagoda has the second largest statue of Buddha in Bangladesh. It is a place of paradise for Buddhists, especially for ethnics Buddhists.
For staying a long time to Chittagong, I have suggested some different exciting places for you below:
- Sajek Valley
- Himchori waterfall
- Bandarban Hanging Bridge
- Rangamati Rajbana vihar
- Kaptai National Park
- Kaptai Lake
- Sitakunda Eco Park
- Foy’s Lake
- Shoilo Propat
- Chimbuk Hill
- Boga Lake
- Nafakhum waterfall
FAQ, Chittagong For Important
There are many reasons why Chittagong is famous, one of which is the beaches, the hills, the indigenous communities, and especially the tourism in Chittagong is very rich
The former name of Chittagong was Islamabad, it is no longer used, now this region is now known as Chittagong
Chattogram and Chittagong are two names of the same area, people like to name the area in such a way because of the regional language. Officially it is written as Chittagong
The city is famous for tourism as if surrounded by nature. There is a traffic jam, moreover, it is very beautiful and pleasant. The people here are very friendly and Chittagong is so safe for any guest. However, it is very important to know the details of any city in the world no matter what you visit
Chittagong is the dream destination of all tourists both in and out of Bangladesh. This city has the most beautiful, greenery, and scenic hilly places among all Bangladesh Divisions. The living place of the largest indigenous in the country.
This city is one of the busiest and commercial places in Bangladesh. So, every day many people migrate here for the job. Also, being a city of attractions, several visitors crowd in and every corner of it.
Now, do you want to spend your valuable vacation in any place in Bangladesh? So, Chittagong is the perfect place for you. I hope you already read this article above, which will help you in the highest manner. Let’s set your mind for the trip to Chittagong Bangladesh and make your break memorable.
Are you planning to spend your holidays in Chittagong? Then, go through this article to learn about it and start your travel to the port city.