Last Updated on March 1, 2021
Are you eager to learn about Venice of Bangladesh? Yes, Barisal is the name of that. You have come to the exact place to about this city.
Anyway, Barisal is the sixth in position by area of Bangladesh Divisions. Rivers flow in and out of the region. For this, it becomes famous as the river port of the country.
Greenery scatters all over the Barisal division. Feel the touch of paradise going any riverbank of the city. Fresh beach air will make your heart healthy. Don’t think more about this area. Nothing will disappoint you; instead, get unforgettable moments.
The place is also important from historical, economic, or political factors. All will enforce you to learn more about the city.
So, don’t be late. Be informative from this article, I have discussed for you. Make this river city as your valuable pick of the country tour.
Barisal: Details about the city
We have come to discuss another southern division of Bangladesh. It lies on the shore of River Kirtonkhola in south Bangladesh. Barisal is one of the historic municipalities and river ports of this country.
Chndradip, the former name of Barisal, was also known as Bacola and Islamailpur in Europe. A leather merchant of Europe highly praised the city in his journal, coming in the middle 1580s. He explained Barisal as a fruitful, cloth of silk, and hath store of rice.
Anyway, Muhammad Bin Bakhtiyar Khalji conquered Barisal. Later, it became a remarkable territory of the Bengal Sultanate and Delhi Sultanate. With time, Barisal became under the control of Bengal Nawabs, later to East Pakistan and Bangladesh after independence. The city is also known as the paradise of Bengal and Venice of Bengali.
Barisal division occupies 13295.55 sq. km area located north latitude between 21.48 and 22.29 and east longitudes between 89.52 and 90.22. This division is bounded by Madaripur, Chandpur, and Sharitpur on the north, Bagerhat district on the west, Bhola and Lakshmipur on the east Patuakhali, Jhalokathi, and Barguna with the Bay of Bengal on the south.
The main rivers flowing across this division are Kirtorkhola, Baishkhali, Tertulia, Kaliganga, Hariganga.
Plant and animal life: Natural study of the land
Barisal is not rich in the deep forest like other divisions of Bangladesh. But it has enormous coconut trees in coastal areas. Betel nut trees are abundant and betel leaf garden. Eat more hog plums if you go there in monsoon. The city is famous for the hog plums all around the country.
Vimruli floating market is a popular wholesale guava market. Go to the Jhalakathi district of this division to reach the market. Morning time is the best to see this incredible beauty of the floating market. Rows of guava boats and people’s crowd are memorable experiences in life.
There are some common birds and animals in Bangladesh, Barisal.
Here is a small list of common birds in this area:
- Purple Heron
- Wood swallow
- Graylag Goose
- Bulbul, etc
- Red Jungle fowl
Domestic cats, cows, goats, buffalos, dogs are common animals of this city. Saltwater crocodile and toad are other important animals of the Barisal Division.
People: The analysis of the behavior
Come across the simple, ingenuous people of Barisal city. The people of this area are famous for hospitality. They welcome people of other towns with pleasant. They also accept guests from hearts.
Inhabitants of this region love to live together. Most of the families are joint families in the village. Village people like to live in a community.
Ethnic groups: the small indigenous people
Yet, Barisal has some small groups of tribes. You will see Rakahain in this division. This Rakahain started to live here about 150 to 200 years ago. The origins of them are from Myanmar.
Tribes are living in and around the region. Many of the tribes are living in Barguna and Patuakhali districts. According to the census of 2001, Patuakhali has 526 ethnic people. The highest of them live in Kalapara Upazilla. There 422 people in Lota Chapli of that Upazilla.
Otherwise, Barguna has 667 indigenous people. Among them, 460 people live in Amtoli Upazilla. Find most of them in Boro Bogi union. There are 450 people in that union. Rest 183 tribes concentrate Dautola union of Banana Upazilla.
These Rakahain people live a very simple life. Majority of them are landowners or cultivators. Know, women are active in cottage craft and home-based agriculture.
Anyway, Ethnics are decreasing from this Barisal city day by day. You know, they are migrating to the towns for better employment. Some migrate to Myanmar, their ancestors’ place. You may know lands are cheap in Myanmar than Bangladesh. It encouraged them to migrate their origins’ country.
Language: The conversational system
Bengali is the language to communicate in Barisal. People love to talk in Barisailla dialect to others. They use this dialect with their own people. But you will get no written form. Barisaillya is the dialect of form Bengali.
Don’t worry. You will quickly understand this dialect if you know Bengali. Educated people can use English to communicate with others. Both Bangla and English are used as an official language.
Tribal people also can use Bengali as the state language. But they have their own language and different alphabets. Are you upset about not knowing their language? People don’t communicate with dialect to outsiders. Some educated ethics can also use and understand English.
Religion: The Muslim priority area
In Bangladesh, you will get 80% of Muslims in the total population. So, Muslims dominate in Barisal city also. Most of them are Sunni and Hanafi followers. Other religions people live in a small amount. But they live in harmony.
The percentage of religions belonging here are:
- Muslims- 30%
- Hindus- 7%
- Christians- 0.98%
- Buddhism- 0.01%
Many of the Christians are Roman Catholics. The indigenous of Barisal Rakahain observe Buddhism. They have own rite and rituals.
Demographic trends: Practice of the population
It means the study of the inhabitants of a particular area. By this term, the population of Barisal was 83 25,666 in the census of 2011. The population density is 3983 per square kilometer. Find the gender ratio of the Barisal Division. Here male was 51.63%, and female was 48.37%.
The central government banned early marriage. But some people in this area are giving early marriage of their children. You will find it in rural areas rather than urban. Early marriages are found in Muslims and Hindus most. The literacy rate is higher than in other cities of Bangladesh.
Trade: The major economic center of the south part
Barisal is the center of rice production in the country. For this, people call it the ‘Granary’ of Bengal. You will get various types of fish in plenty for the riverine town.
Furthermore, this city is also popular for Betel Leaf, a chewing leaf. The common fruit of the coastal area of Barisal is Coconut. It exports Hilsha fish. Agricultural products, Anchor cement, Gelatine capsules, etc.
There are some textiles, pharmaceutical products, Bakery industries in Barisal city. Once, Bangladesh Barisal was connected with Calcutta- Barisal- Dhaka and other routes. Now, its river port is important for motor launch and steamer services of the south part of Bangladesh.
Transportation: The city transit system
Do you want to spend a beautiful moonlit night? Go to Barisal by launch. Just an amazing feeling you will enjoy there. The main transport system in the city is the boat. There are also roads and airways to move. But there are no rail lines in this division.
Because of the surrounding rivers, launch and steamers are the primary media of communication. It has many luxurious launch services with Dhaka and Chittagong.
The city has bus services in some other parts of the country. Happy to know, the road transport system is increasing day by day. The government is building many notable bridges. Airways have regular service with the capital city though it is expensive.
Government and Society: The political structure
Barisal division was declared with 6 districts, 39 upazillas, and 333 unions on 01 January 1993. It became a municipality in 1957. In 2000, Barisal city became Barisal City Corporation, including 30 wards.
Constitutional framework: Fundamental works of the government
You know that this term’s main works are to protect the various types of rights of the civics. It works as the representative of the regional structure of the government.
Mayor is the head of the Barisal City Corporation. He manages all the rights of the inhabitants. Mayor works by distributing power to different parts of the government.
The city corporation is bound to provide all rights and facilities to the citizens. It also works for law and order, equality, freedom, and justice with the central government.
Local Government: Democratic representative of the people
The structure of the local government is the public representative of an area. People elect them by vote to work for them. Local government is the administrative head of any selected area.
In Barisal, people elect the city corporation mayor and its other parts by direct vote. Here, there are four thanas in Barisal City Corporation. These thanas have 30 wards and 225 mahallas. The lower level of local government consists of 12 municipalities, 353 union Parishad. It has 3,159 Mouzas, 25 Wards, and also 4,163 villages.
The basic works of the local government of Barisal city are:
- Sewage treatment
- Garbage disposal
- Road cleanliness
- Birth and death registration
- Park maintenance, etc.
Justice: The city’s legal support
You should have explicit knowledge of the justice system of an area before visiting there. You have to know detailed information about justice. So, you can take immediate action, if necessary.
Anyway, in Barisal, government justice provides proper justice to the people. Metropolitan police manage the city’s governmental justice.
Chief Metropolitan Magistrate makes sure all legal facilities of the civics. It works with the Metropolitan Police Commissioner. Divisional Commissioner guides and supervises other branches of this term. Both together work for maintaining law and orders of division.
There are some other organizations that work for social justice of the Barisal Division. Village Court is one example of providing social justice. The major responsibilities of social justice are:
- Ensures equal rights
- Protects properties
- Provide social protection
- Offers economical equality
- Removes gender discrimination.
Health and Welfare: Modernized Health Facilities
Don’t think about the health facilities of Barisal. It has enough modern health care to provide treatment.
The Health system is the mirror of the progress of particular areas. In this region, people get proper treatment from hospitals, clinics, community hospitals, etc.
Furthermore, most modern health care facilities concentrate in the central city area. Rural people have to come here to get more benefit from those than local people.
In addition, some notable health care institutions in this area are:
- Sher-e- Bangla Medical College
- Barisal Nursing College
- Institute of Health Technology
- Apex Homeopathic Medical College, etc.
Education: The city of the highest literacy
Pleasant to say, the education system in advance in this southern part of Bangladesh. Here, the literacy rate is 75.3% among the city people. It is more than the national rate of 56.5%.
This city is the hub of many educational establishments. The oldest college in this area is Govt. Brojomohan College (B.M. College), built-in 1889. There is a public university, one government medical institutions, and two private universities here.
It also has an engineering college, other educational institutes. Without these, Barisal has two teacher training colleges and two technical colleges. There is a board of intermediate and secondary to conduct public examinations, SSC and HSC.
- Major educational institutes include:
- Barisal Engineering College
- Syed Hatem Ali College
- Barisal Cadet College
- University of Barisal
- Shaheed Abdur Rab Serniabad Textile Engineering College
- Amrita Lal Dey College, etc.
Cultural Life: Activities of the people
All divisions in Bangladesh are rich in cultural activities. People of Bangladesh preserve a very old, traditional attitude in life. They like to maintain their traditional activities.
The origin of Bangladeshi culture is evident in the life of Barisal. You will see a trace of traditionalism in dress, food, sports, and other cultural activities.
Men wear pajama, Panjabi, lungi, and women wear saree. Most of the rural men wear lungi and Panjabi. Women also like to wear ornaments made of gold and silver.
Barishailla food is also famous to tourists. This area is popular for Hilsha and Hilsha curry. People are known for their great hospitality.
Have you come to visit this city? Don’t miss Subash Babu’s Patel bhaja. You will get it Kalibari Road in this city. Soshi Misti, Guthiar Showndesh are famous sweets in Barisal.
Another popular local dish in this area is Biskee. Rice is the main ingredient with coconut and molasses. Have some if you stay in the city. Betel leaf is one kind of chew food in this area. Adult people like to have it.
The two most popular sports in this region are football and cricket. People also play tennis and kabaddi. Local people play Ha-du-du (Kabaddi) most.
Visit Barisal Divisional stadium, which is used for international matches. Famous players in this city who play international team are:
- Shahriar Nafees
- Shohag Gazi
- Fazle Mahmud
Rural people sing songs when they cultivate their lands. The popular folk songs are:
- Murshid and
Jatra pala and theatre practice are famous in this district. On winter night, villagers enjoy jatrapala and other stage shows.
Daily life and Social custom: Everyday activities of the people
Like other places in Bangladesh, people start their day early in the morning. Farmers go to the land as early as possible. They take their breakfast in the field. In Barisal, 48.25% of people depend on agriculture for their income.
Significant inhabitants of this region are religious minded. They say salam or namaskar when they meet with others. Youngers respect adults. People celebrate all religious festivals together.
Tourism: Places of tourist attractions
There are many points of interest for visitors in Barisal. The particular architectural style of buildings of this city bounds you to astonish. I will request you to manage time to visit this Venice of East. The main attractions of Barisal Division are:
Durga Sagor is the largest dighi or pond in the south area of Bangladesh. The area of it is 2500 hectares and about 11 km far from the central city, Barisal. Many tourists come to visit the place all year. Local people call this lake Madhabpasha Dighi.
Raja Joynarayan built it to fulfill his mother’s wish. He named it after his mother’s name Durga Sagor. It was dug in 1780. At the first stage, it had four ghats. Each of them was 15 m in width.
The pond has coconut trees and brick walls around it. There is a bushes island in the center of the pond. It has been created to enhance the pond’s beauty and tourist attractions. In winter, many migratory birds come here. This place now has become the picnic spot in this area.
Oxford Mission Church:
This one is another historical place in Barisal. You can pay a visit there. It is an Anglican Church named Oxford Mission Epiphany Church. For its large land area, it is considered the second biggest Church in Asia Continent. The land area of this church is 35 acres.
Sister Edith sketched the design of it. It was established in 1903, surrounded by palm trees and a high wall. Now, the church acts as a cultural Heritage.
Kuakata Sea Beach:
Believe me; you must fall in love if you go there. Kuakata sea beach offers sunrise and sunset in the water of the Bay of Bengal. It is a fantastic scene to enjoy.
This sandy beach is situated in the Lata chapli union of Kalapara Upazila. It is under the Potuakhali district of Barisal. The other name of the beach is the daughter of the sea or Sagor Kanya. The beach is 30 km long and 6 km wide.
There is no beach in Asia where you can see sunrise and sunset at the same place. It is also important for its calm and silent environment. Kuakata sea beach is the best place for serene lover travelers. They can spend quality time here.
You can visit Sutkipalli, Crab Island, Kuakata well after coming here. Luxurious and comfortable journey by launches is available to Kuakata from Dhaka. Try to stay at night to enjoy the roar of the sea.
Guthrie Mosque is one of the beautiful and most attractive mosques in Bangladesh. The structure of the mosque is awesome.
This Guthrie Mosque is another name of the Baitul Aman Jame Masjid Complex. It has a large land area (14 acres) and open space. Mr. Sharfuddin Ahmed Shanto established it with a unique architectural design. He built it on 16 December 2003.
Guthrie Mosque has a graveyard, three lakes, Madrasa, and an orphanage. The best time to visit this Muslim structure is before and after maghrib. Then you can see both the day and night view of the mosque.
Kirtipasha Zaminder Bari:
It is an old house situated in the Jhalokathi district of the Barisal Division. Ramjibon Sen established it named after King Kirty Narayana. The age of this house is over a century. Now it is shabby and abandoned in condition. One can see a Shiva temple in front of Zamindar Bari.
Only the walls and pillars are existing here. Despite that, many visitors come to see Kirtipasha Palace.
You can easily access this place from the Jhalokathi district. Otherwise, one can go from the divisional city by bus service.
FAQ, Barisal For Important
Barisal is famous for its traditional location located in the south of Bangladesh. rivers and different species of fish, especially hilsa is very famous.
Area of Barisal 16.37 km²
There are 6 districts in the Barisal division
Officially it is known as Barisal but earlier it was known as Bakerganj
Being a riverine city Barisal has plenty of fish. People say it “Dhan, Nodi, Khal ai teen e Barisal.” In English, the three things, paddy, rice, and river, make Barisal. Finally, I hope you have finished the article.
Barisal Journey gives you the highest comfort if you read one before going there.
Don’t be hesitant to visit the place. My article is a complete guide for you to move. So, include Barisal in your trip plan.