Bangladeshn Is Bangladesh

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COUNTRY OF BANGLADESH

Bangladeshn is Bangladesh, Look on the world map. You will see Bangladesh as a very small country in the world. But it is one of the most famous and beautiful countries in the world. You will fail to match the charming beauty of this area with other countries on the earth.

Here, the pleasant appearance of nature will allure you to come close to them. Fascinations will grab you for long because of the admirability and loveliness of the natural mother. You will feel crazy to discover her. 

 

Anyway, the official name of this state is the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. We know Dhaka as Bangladesh capital city. Parliament represents democratic multi-party system. It holds legislative power.

Bangladesh could not make her position on the map easily. It has a history of lots of sacrifices behind it. People struggled for nine months and shed blood to earn the name of this country. They fought against Pakistan and won. In 1971, Bangladesh got her name as an independent country in the world.

This country is situated in the delta of the river Padma and Jamuna. We also find it in the northeastern portion of the Indian subcontinent. India surrounds it in the north, east, and west. Myanmar has a short border with Bangladesh in the southeast. The famous Bay-of-Bengal flows in the south of Bangladesh.

Furthermore, it is a plain country blessed with nature. Every year the river floods its land with alluvial soil. It happens in the rainy season. This soil helps it to produce a vast amount of crops and vegetables. For this, it earns lots of foreign exchange by exporting jute and tea.

Are you thinking about the people of this country? They are more generous than you think. The main glamour of the people here is their smiling faces. They talk cordially with others as like your close one. You will become surprised by the graciousness and politeness of their behavior.

Most of the people of Bangladesh are Muslim. It shows its neutrality to all religions. People love to live in peace. They like to mention them like a Bengali, not religiously. They live together with each other and help in worse.

You will get a friendly and pleasant environment to stay here. The sunny day and twinkling stars at night fill your mind with a deep love of it. The long summer comes with bright sun. Winter offers you foggy cold. The seasons are amazingly fit for you.

Huge enjoyment and attractions of all Bangladesh will impel you to come here. If you know the details about this province, you will become eager to visit here. So, meet your dream to reality by gathering knowledge about it.

If you want more to know about it, you can put this document in your special bucket to pick up next. You will find there a complete masterpiece of Bangladesh. Feel proud of pronouncing the name of Bangladesh by reading this article. Let’s begin your journey to Bangladesh.

NATIONAL OF BANGLADESH

1. National flag colors: Green and Red6. National tree: Mango
2. National anthem: Amar Sonar Bangla7. National animal: Royal Bengal Tiger
3. National flower: lily (Shapla)8. National fish: Ilish
4. National fruits: Jackfruit9. National bird: Robin
5. National language: Bangla
10. National Sport: Kabaddi

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With 147570 square kilometers, Bangladesh is one of the world’s biggest flatland situated in South Asia. It extends from 20.34N to 26.38N latitude and from 8801E to 92.41E longitude. The highest extension is about 440 km in the NNW-SSE direction.

Bangladeshis are divided into three regions. Ganges- Brahmaputra delta, the largest river delta on the earth, dominates most parts of the country. The Madhupur and the Barind plateaus represent in the northwest and middle parts of the country. The southeast and the northeast are the destinations of evergreen hill ranges.

The Ganges has changed her name united with Jamuna flowing in this country. Next, it joins with Meghna and falls in the Bay of Bengal. 80% of the land is located on the delta river. There are seven hundred rivers that belong to Bangladesh.

Bangladesh is originally rich fertile plain land flooded by the rivers. Forests cover 17% of the country. And hills surround 12% of Bangladesh’s haem wetlands play a significant role in global environmental science. In the 1970s, the Bangladesh government started promoting the development of the new area. The government began development in southeastern Bangladesh with the help of Dutch funding.

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Administratively, Bangladesh is divided into eight divisions. These divisions are named after its divisional headquarters. Divisional cities are also sub-divided into districts. Each district consists of Thana, several unions, and multiple villages. Every Thana has one police station. But in the metropolitan areas, police stations separated into wards and further into Mahallas.

Here, I have set down the eight divisional cities in Bangladesh:

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The main part of Bangladesh is on the delta formed by the three prime rivers- Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna. Over a period of time, the huge discharges of the rivers carrying sediments have developed a broad delta.

This delta has formed most of Bangladesh’s vast area and engulfed the delta plain in the Bay of Bengal. The main source of 80% of soil formation of the country is these sediments.

Concerning soil formation, two particular conditions occur in Bangladesh – alternating seasonal wet and dry conditions. We find this variation for agro-climatic frameworks in different seasons. The soil process of soil formation identifies mainly between flood plains, hills, and uplifted terraces.

Howbeit, a flood plain is the area of plain lands adjacent to rivers or streams. Most soil of Bangladesh is fertile due to these flood plains. The flood plain grounds of the country are 4827 sq km.

We see active hill soil on the hills for a considerable period. Low hill soils are older than high hill soils.  High hill soils remain younger on account of constant erosion on steep slopes. On the other hand, erosion is less on low hills. It permits soil material to assemble.  In Bangladesh, about 18,171 sq km is hilly soil, mainly in Khagrachari, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Bandarban, Moulvi Bazar, and Habiganj district.

In all probability, before the late Pleistocene, we saw Madhupur clay as uplifted and made a terrace above sea level. Since then, it’s been subject to the action of the soil building process. We see two kinds of Madhupur clay – Little altered previous clay and deeply weathered previous clay. These uplifting terraces cover 8% of the soil of Bangladesh. The decks remain from one to ten meters above the adjoining floodplains.

We know a drainage system is a place to eliminate excess water for development. It could be rainwater, floodwater, or wastewater effectively.

However, the rivers of Bangladesh mark models not only the physio graphic but also the inhabitants’ lives. About 700 rivers are flowing to the south drain excess water in the rainy season into the Bay of Bengal. Consequently, this river system is the country’s blessing. At the same time, it acts a role in damage. We can divide the rivers into five systems

  • The Padma and its deltaic streams
  • The Meghna and the  Surma river system.
  • The Jamuna and its adjacent channels
  • The north Bengal Rivers.
  • Rivers of Chittagong Hill Tracts and adjoining plains.

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During the Monsoon, the rivers flow at about 140,000 cubic meters per second in Bangladesh. They decrease to 7000 cubic meters per second in the dry season. Because of the water’s .necessity for agriculture, more than 60% of the land is cultivated in the monsoon period. Cultivation occurs in the rainy season to get enough water despite the probability of acute flooding. During the dry winter, only 40% of the land is being cultivated.

More to know, Bangladesh has not full control over the major rivers’ flow. As they originate from other countries.

So, Bangladesh gets an insufficient flow of water in dry periods. Water resources development has started to work. They provide flood protection, the Drainage system, and irrigation facilities to augment winter cultivation.

Bangladesh is lying in South Asia and has a subtropical monsoon straddling in the northern tropic. You will feel hot and humid weather in summer from March to June and mild in winter from October to March.

The country has no experience of low temperatures below 0°C. Though on 3 February 1905, the northwest city of Dinajpur recorded the highest low temperature of 1.1°C (34.0°F). The country’s most rainfall occurs in warm and humid rainy seasons. From November to February is the best travel time to Bangladesh for pleasant temperatures.

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Almost every year, Bangladesh suffers natural calamities such as floods, tornadoes, tropical cyclones. Throughout the century, the Bay of Bengal region faced 508 hurricanes. It is roughly calculated that by 2050, sea levels will rise 3 feet. This sea level will increase over 20 percent of the land and dislocate more than 30 million people.

However, we can divide Bangladesh into seven sharp climatic zones based on the whole climatic condition.

South-eastern zone:

The zone forms the Chittagong sub-region and a strip of land expanding southwest mangrove forest to the south of Comilla. There is heavy rainfall in the monsoon and massive dewfall in winter.

North-eastern zone:

It comprises most of east and south Sylhet and south of Meghalaya Plateau. In this zone, winter is foggy. It is the cloudiest part of the country.

Northern zone:

This is the area of exorbitant. Dry summer comes with the blazing western wind. But the monsoon period is wet, where rainfall is 2000 to 3000 mm.

North-western zone:

Rainfall is low in this zone. The lower rain forms this area both pedagogically and atmospherically drier.

Western zone:

The western zone covers greater Rajshahi and parts of adjoining districts. This is the driest zone of the country. Generally, the rainfall is below 1500 mm. Humidity in summer is less than 50%. It is the driest and hottest of all climatic zones. The highest temperature goes over 35°C.

South-western zone:

The rainfall of this zone is between 1500 mm and 1800 mm. Dewfall is heavy, unlike the western zone.

South-central zone:

Rainfall is plentiful in this zone, which is above 1900 mm. The temperature range may be expected lower than the west but over than the southeastern site.

Normally, Bangladesh is not recognized for its flora and fauna. But the presence of plants and animals fulfills your thirst for staying with forest life.

The forest area is 2.53 million hectares. It’s about 17.5% of the total country’s size.

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Based on topography, the forests of the country are classified into three groups.

  • Hill forest
  • Plain Sal forest
  • Mangrove littoral forest.

Bangladesh has few forests without Chittagong Hill tracts, the Sundarbans, and the Madhupur Tract parts. The amount of forested and wooden area is one-eighth of the entire region.

Evergreen broadleaf species mark the hilly regions. In drier plains, we see deciduous trees such as banyan and acacia. There are some commercially valuable trees Sundari, gewa, sal, and garyan.

Sundari grows in Sundarban. You will find gewa, sal in Madhupur Tract. Garyan produces in Chittagong hill tract district. Village woods are abundant in fruit trees like mango, jackfruit, hog plum, date, and betel plums. The country has different type’s bamboo also. Paper industries are highly dependent on bamboo.

There are some common flowers in Bangladesh like Water Lilies, China rose, Hibiscus, Tuberose, and Marigold. The Local water lily is called Shapla. This is Water Lily, known as the national flower of Bangladesh. The Bokul is a well-known shrub producing little red berries.

Bangladesh is not more behind due to wildlife compared with neighboring countries. It has over 109 native species of mammals, 119 types of reptiles, 684 kinds of birds. It also has 19 varieties of amphibians and 200 different marine and freshwater fish.  But some species have been abolished in significant ways from the early 20th century.

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Anyway, Chittagong Hill tracts and northeastern Sylhet are the home of Elephants. Domestic animals such as Bulls and Water buffalo are used to pull carts and plowing land. There are also different kinds of deer-like muntjac and large sambar. They live in the eastern Jungles of Bangladesh. Spotted deer had become fewer to the Sundarbans that were common in many areas of the country.

The royal Bengal tiger is the well known of the carnivores. The common leopard is endemic to the region with its spotted fur. The ferocious leopard is almost similar in size to the domestic cat except for longer legs.

You will see various types of bears in Bangladesh. They include the Sun bear, sloth bear, and Asiatic black bear. The sloth bear is common among them. Jackals, mongoose, monkeys are abundant in Bangladesh.

Bangladesh is the home of hundreds of species of birds. Crow is a common bird that you find everywhere in the country. Magpies, Bulbuls, many types of warblers are common in Bangladesh. Various kinds of Mynah birds are also available here. In winter, huge migratory birds come to this country. Ringtail fishing Eagle and the crested serpent eagle are most common among the eagles.  

There are some water birds such as storks, wild geese, herons, and ducks.

We also find other bird species, including vulture, woodpeckers, hoopoes, hornbills, kingfishers, hawks, owls, cuckoos, parakeets, and various types of game birds. 

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You will become happy to know that Bangladeshis are humble and too polite with foreigners. They talk with smiles and love to get close to others.

This southern region is one of the poorest and thickly populated countries in the world. The large numbers of Bangladeshis are ethnolinguistic. They are predominantly Indo-Arkan Muslim people. The country’s population is concentrated in the fertile Bengal delta. This delta has become the hub of urban and rustic civilities for long periods.

Hence, Bangladesh is a country of 168.31 million people. It is recognized as the eighth-most populated country in the world. Bangladesh population is equal to 2.11% of the total population in the world. 

According to November 2020, the population density is 1179.7 inhabitants per sq km. In 2011, the density was 1015 people per square kilometer. Since our land is limited, density becomes more severe with time.

Bangladesh’s population is almost doubled over 37 years. The growth rate is now 1.01% per year. It has been lower than 3% of 1970. The growth rate has started to decline. We still face overpopulation because of the rapid growth rate in the past.

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People become astonished to find out there are a great number of languages in Bangladesh. But Bangladesh is distinctive with only one official language, Bangla, in South Asia. About 98% of Bengalis speak in Bangla in this monolingual country. Still, there are many natives, Diaspora, and foreign languages spoken in this region.

Apart from this, 38 languages are used to speak throughout the country. If you travel to Bangladesh, you might learn languages such as Assamese, Arakanese, Burmese, Bishnupriya, Chakma, and Chak. You encounter other languages like Asho Chin, Haka chin, Chittagonian, Darlong, Garo, Khashi, Mundari, Santali, Sylheti, Tippara, and many more. Besides this, Indian Sign language is used to teach deaf people. There are 14 deaf institutions in Bangladesh.

Furthermore, Bangla, the national language of Bangladesh, originates from the Indo-Aryan group of languages. It is very close to Sanskrit. Another dominating language in Bengali is Persian, which was the source of a few grammatical forms. However, recent studies indicate that foreign and native words have been extending because of the preference for the colloquial style of Bengali speakers.

Moreover, Bengali is the mother tongue of almost all people of Bangladesh. This language has two unique styles. The first one is Sadhu Bhasa, the elegant style including many Sanskrit words. Another one is chaliet Bhasa, the colloquial speech used as both written and spoken.

Sadhu bhasa was used in all printed matter until the 1930s. Now chaliet bhasa has been used for modern literature. Also, the Bengali language carries many foreign words from English, Portuguese, Arabic, Hindi, and Persian.

There are also many dialects, such as Sylheti and Chittagonian.

Many living and spoken languages add a superb variety to the country. Do not worry about different types of local languages if you make a tour plan.

If you know English, you will be quite well with local people. English is used after Bengali in this country.

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Bangladesh is a secular state, and it is one of the basic concepts of the constitution of Bangladesh. These secular laws governed Bangladesh even when the British crown ruled the country.

According to the constitution of the country, all have equal rights to perform their religions. The major religion in Bangladesh is Islam.

As reported by Bangladesh Bureau of statistics in 2016, Muslims make up more than 88.23% of the inhabitants, Hindus form 10.69%, and the rest make up more than 1%. In late 2003, a survey proved that religion is the prime choice by a native for self-identification. The constitution entitled the following religions: Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity.

Islam:

In 2011, the Muslim Population was more than 146 million in Bangladesh. This vast Muslim community makes up 90% of the country’s population. The constitution of Bangladesh announced Islam as the state religion. Muslims are the main group of the country and establish the majority in all Bangladesh divisions.

Anyway, the large numbers of Muslims are Sunnis, but a small segment is Shia community. Muslims celebrate their festivals with much glory and grandeur. The annual Bishwa Ijtema is the biggest and noteworthy assemble of Muslims in Bangladesh.

Hinduism:

In Bangladesh, Hinduism the second-largest religion. As per the census of 2011, 8.5% of the population is Hindus. After India and Nepal, Bangladesh occupies the third-largest position as a Hindu populated country.

Followers of the Hindu religion in Bangladesh are mainly Bengali Hindus. This community is accumulated in areas such as Khulna, Barishal, Jessore, Dinajpur, and Faridpur. Hindus also exist in tribal groups like Khasi, Garo, Jaintia, Tripuri, Saontal, Munda, Bishnupriya, Manipuri, etc. The main Hindu festivals are Durga Puja, Kali puja, Janmashtami, and Rath Yatra.

Buddhism:

Buddhists constitute only about 0.6% of the Bangladesh population. But once, Bangladesh was the center of Buddhism in the Asia continent. Most Buddhist people live in the Chittagong region in Bangladesh. A large number of them are Barua Buddhists. They also live in Comilla, Rangpur, Mymensingh, and Sylhet districts.

The rituals and beliefs of Buddhists are combinations of Buddhism and old animistic faiths. Buddha Purnima is the prime festival observed by Bengali Buddhists as well as tribal Buddhists.

Christianity:

The fourth dominating religion in Bangladesh is Christianity. During the late 16th to beginning of the 17th centuries AD, Christian reached this country through missionaries and Portuguese traders. Approximately 0.4 % of the total population are Christians. Most of them are living in urban areas. Most followers of Christians are Roman Catholic in this country, and the remaining are Baptist.

A settlement pattern is the placement of human activities throughout the landscape and the geographical relationship between them.

But people always change their environment for living. Bangladesh’s ancient settlement was formed along the rivers’ banks and canals, being a deltaic formation.

The rural people are the initial settlement pattern in this deltaic Bangladesh. This settlement pattern changes because of climate, culture, and resources. Happy to know, this country has firmly improved its social and economic standards.

Besides, in the country’s early stages, the settlement pattern was not suitable for human occupation. Since Gangetic flats were under forest and human occupation was very slow in the late Mughal period. So, elevated and older places were measured to be the areas of ancient human occupancy in Bengal.

Finally, the expansion of new land and agriculture development created new settlement patterns in the south and east Bengal flooded plains. With time, settlements became dense. Bangladesh capital Dhaka and Sonargaon progressed as the economic and political hub of all provinces.

Bangladesh is based on a rural settlement pattern in origin. 80% of the Bangladesh population live in rural areas. But the settlement pattern is changing every time. In villages, social gathering places also convert because of the developing agricultural sector, improved road network and modern technology, etc. The rural homestead also changes randomly for required space and availability of different types of materials.

However, all Bangladesh’s rural areas are thickly settled. It is difficult to distinguish and well-defined patterns of a single village. But, you will find some houses on higher ground for flooding in the rainy season. Supplies for safe drinking water, electricity also have remained inadequate in some regions.

In 1991, there were 522 urban centers of different sizes in Bangladesh. Now the number increases to 570.

Yet, Bangladesh is the least urbanized region in south Asia. But, it practiced an incredible rate of urban-growth both in terms of urban centers and urban population. This growth increased fast after independence in 1971.

Until the 1980s, Bangladesh was the dominating rural nation in South Asia. In 1931, urban residents were only 27 out of 1000 people. As per the census of 1974, urban tenants were 8.8% of the total population and reached 18% in 1988. This percentage rose to 30% in 2000.

In 1981, the two megacities Dhaka and Chittagong occupied more than 1 million dwellers.

Pick this topic to learn the fundamental characteristics of the population of Bangladesh.

The popular characteristics of demographic trends are:

(1) Age

(2) Gender

(3) Ethnicity

(4) Educational attainment

(5) Geographical area

(6) Income level

(7) Marital status

(8) Homeownership

In the geographical map, Bangladesh, located in southern Asia, is a country of Asia. India has encircled it on three sides. It has a small boundary to the east with neighboring country Myanmar.

We already know that the Bangladesh population is 168.31 million in 2020. According to the gender ratio, the male is 51.5%, and the female is 49.5%. The country’s present birthrate is 17.714 births per 1000 inhabitants, declining by 1.8% from 2019. The world’s 2.2% of people live in Bangladesh.

Bangladesh is a fertile deltaic region. The soil of the country has been formed with silt from the rivers. Three main rivers are the Padma, the Jamuna, and the Meghna. The sources of most rivers are in India.

Generally, the People of Bangladesh get married at a tender age. This one is the main reason for the increase in the birthrate. Now in official, early marriage is banned.

Bangladesh is a secured region for Ethnics. Different ethnic groups are living in this country. You can find them in large numbers in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Khagrachari, Bandarban, Sylhet, and Mymensingh.

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For your eagerness to know, the economy of Bangladesh is full agriculture-based. Industry, trade, and commerce have flourished, along with agriculture. At present, garment industries have developed. It has been contributing much to the economy of Bangladesh. For the working-class people’s living standard is upgrading. No nation can survive without economic development. The economic sectors of Bangladesh have started developing since its independence in 1971.

The important sectors of Bangladesh economy are:

  1. Agriculture
  2. Industry
  3. Trade and Commerce
  4. Service Sectors.

All sectors have equal importance in the economy of a country. The agricultural sector supplies raw material meeting domestic demand for food. Otherwise, the industrial sector creates opportunities for employment for the citizens. The Trade and Commerce sector earns precious foreign currency for the country. So, the service sector works to improve the living standards of the country’s inhabitants.

Again, the People of rural Bangladesh lead an economic Way of life. Here, a large number of crowds are farmers. They cultivate and grow crops on the land. They meet their daily demand with that. Surplus crops provide food for the people of the country.

Some people work as fishermen, weavers, potters, blacksmiths, carpenters, grocers. Some run small businesses in the village haats and bazaars, nearby cities and towns. The rural economy remains dynamic with all. In this way, agrarian society is contributing to the Bangladesh economy.

In contrast, due to urbanization and industrialization, the difference between rural and urban life is reducing. At present, villagers are more dependent on cities than before for employment, education, healthcare, etc.

Every moment, lots of people come to the cities. The extension of urban life, industrialization, and in search of work compel them to come. As a result, city people are playing an important role in the national economy day by day.

Additionally, about 30% of the total country’s population lives in cities. Many people live in Bangladesh capital Dhaka, the port city Chittagong, and industrial city Narayanganj and Khulna.

Apart from these cities, people are living in divisions, districts, and Upazila towns. They are engaging in various professions there and earn their livelihood. These large number of city dwellers keep the urban economic life active. Migrants also play a big role in the economy of Bangladesh by sending money from abroad.

In Bangladesh, the Agriculture sector plays an active role in speeding up economic growth. This sector is most important for its profitable continuous and ecological agricultural system. It provides long term food protection for people.

Nonetheless, Bangladesh agriculture is almost dependent on the weather. Otherwise, the country gets cheap labor. Climate is also suitable to grow crops all year-round. Rivers deposit silt that is good for crops.

But this region is highly sensitive to flooding. Cyclones can wipe out all harvest within a matter of hours. As reported by the World Bank, Bangladesh has61.2% farmable land of the total land area. It was 68.3% in 1980.

Anyway, Rice, wheat, maize, pulses, potato, and oil-seed are cheap food crops in fertile Bangladesh. Rice is the first and basic staple food. Wheat and maize gain second and third position according to the importance.

Bangladesh stands fourth among the largest Rice producing countries in the world. Jute and Tea, another agricultural product, is high dominating in the Bangladesh economy. The government earns lots of foreign currency by exporting them.

Furthermore, there is a deep relation between agriculture and fishing. They both use the land, water resources. You will find the characteristics of interactions between them in concomitant production activities to assist rural people and supply urban areas with the required quantity and different types of food.

Now, fish is the second most important agricultural crop in the country. Fish production engages the income and implementation of millions of people. The culture and consumption of fish have an important environment for national revenue and food security.

Bangladesh’s agricultural sector provides 14.2% of GDP from fisheries. It employs 47% of working people, with 17 million people depending on this sector for their income through fishing, culturing, fish handling, and preparing.

There are many types of fishes in Bangladesh, including 401 species of marine fishes and 251 species of inland fishes. Once the snakehead fishes like shol, Gajar, Taki were abundant that are becoming rare now.

Nowadays, Telapia is very profitable in farming for its rapid growth, high protein content. This one is also large in size compared with other fishes. Shrimp is another profitable fish for farming for its high demand in both local and foreign markets.

The national fish Hilsha also plays an important role in contributing to the economy. This fish is valuable both in a cultural and economic sense. Bangladesh exports lots of Hilsha fish abroad, especially in neighboring country India.

Carps are the main fishes in pond culture. The other preferable fish in Bangladesh because of taste are climbing fish, Ruhita, Black catfish, Long whiskered catfish, Olive Barb, Bele, Topsi, Guilia, Barbel, Loitta fish, Carp, Koral, etc.

Interestingly, Bangladesh has some resources despite being a small country. These resources are limited, but not less. All resources people used from old age to middle age were natural resources. They transformed these resources for their own needs.

In this modern age, man has learned to use natural resources with greater skill. They are using modern devices to dig out minerals like coal, gas, stone, iron, gold, silver, etc as well as improving their socio-economic condition.

Some notable natural resources in Bangladesh are:

  • Soil
  • Rivers
  • Mine-resources
  • Forest resources
  • Fish resources
  • Animal resources
  • Marine resources

You will know more from the short explanations about the resources below:

Soil:

Soil, a valuable gift of nature, is very fertile in Bangladesh. This region produces a large number of crops in its ground. At present, crop production is being increased by using advanced technology. You can see abundant animals, forest, and mineral resources in the mountainous part of the country.

Rivers:

Being a riverine country, Bangladesh has many big and small rivers. People use them for Transport and communication and produce electricity in large amounts.  Rivers are the source of fish resources. We can use water from the rivers to irrigate lands in the dry season.

Mine resource:

Bangladesh has an enormous reserve of minerals. Among them, natural gas, coal, limestone, silica, and china clay are mentionable. Most of them are used to expand the industries of the country.

Forest resources:

Bangladesh’s forest area is 24983 square kilometers, 16% of the country’s total land area.  The forests are rich in valuable trees and plants. Besides, these forests are the home of birds and animals. We use these forest resources to make home and furniture. This resource also helps to reduce the temperature in the hot season.

Fish resources:

Bangladesh has enough fish in rivers, canals, low lands, and ponds. Sea-fishes are also available here. Vast people of villages live by fishing.

Animal resources:

Among animal resources, cows, goats, buffaloes, fowl rams are notable. Besides them, there are many kinds of birds in this province.

Marine resources:

The Bay of Bengal flows covering the southern part of Bangladesh. The country produces salt from seawater and also gets a large quantity of fish from it.

Are you excited to learn more about the Bangladeshi Lifestyle? The knowledge of manufacturing products is a great step to fulfill your desire.

Anyway, Bangladesh is one of the countries with great growth opportunities for big companies. Every year, over 2 million people join the working class, a consumer group. This country’s economy is the fastest-growing economy in Asia as well as third in the world. The manufacturing industries have started growing after the time of independence,1971. Bangladesh has a golden future for manufacturing products. For this, the country is expecting to achieve middle-income country status by 2021.

Bangladesh is perfect for labor-intensive industries because of the country’s low manufacturing wages. So, there is a great opportunity to start small or large enterprises.

Some important manufacturing industries in this region are:

  • Garments and Textile
  • Footwear and Headwear
  • Food and beverage
  • Paper mills.

Garments and Textile:

The garment and textile industry valued $39.49 billion counts 91% of the total exports in Bangladesh. The country exports most garment product to USA, Germany, and UK.

Footwear and Headwear:

This one is the second largest industry in Bangladesh. Famous multinational footwear brands such as Youngone, Bata have manufacturing companies in Bangladesh.

Food and beverage:

Food and beverage, Valued at $940 million, is the third-largest export industry in the country. It covers up 2.16% of the total exports.

Paper mills:

Paper mills are also important industries in this country. It uses bamboo and softwood trees as raw material. You will find these paper mills in Chhatak, Paksey, Chandraghona, and Khulna.

Apart from these, Bangladesh has sugar factories, fertilizer factories, glass factories, steel mills, cottage industries, and cement factories.

For your further information, the financial sector plays an essential role in the development of Bangladesh economy.  The major objective of financial institutions is to collect raw deposits. Then it productively invests these scattered deposits. The financial markets transmit funds from those who have surplus to those who require funds. In this way, they promote the funds transfer from excess units to shortage units.

However, the financial system of Bangladesh is composed of three wide sectors:

  • Formal sector
  • Semi-Formal sector
  • Informal sector

These three sectors have been classified based on the degree of regulation:

The formal sector consists of all regulated institutions such as banks, non-bank financial institutions, insurance, micro-finance institutions, capital market mediators like Brokerage houses and Merchant Bank, etc. The banking sector acts an active role in the country’s development. The Bank of Bangladesh works as the Central Bank of the country.

The semi-formal sector comprises the institutions which are not under the jurisdiction of Bangladesh Bank or financial regulator but are regulated in other ways. This sector consists of some Specialized Financial Institutions such as HBFC, PKSF, Grameen Bank, Samabay Bank, etc.

Grameen Bank, the microfinance center services to provide small loans to the poor, the nontraditional borrowers.

The informal sector includes completely unregulated private intermediaries. The main clients of informal finance are poor people or self-employed. They don’t pay any tax to the country government because their jobs are not officially accepted.

Bangladesh can take remarkable advantage of the excess preferential market provided under previous initiatives. Trade contributed 38.2% GDP of Bangladesh in2018, according to the World Bank. In the country, clothes, tea, raw jute and jute goods, fish, handicraft, leather, and frozen seafood are major exporting products.

Bangladesh also exports Chemical machinery and equipment, Cement, steel and metals, food, and oil products. Bangladesh’s main export partners are the United States, the European Union, and China. The country mainly exports from India, Thailand, China, Singapore, and Indonesia. Bangladesh acts as a corridor between Central India and its Eastern region.

Moreover, Custom duties are comparatively high in Bangladesh. But the country is trying to implement a stream of measures to reduce its trade obstacles inclusive of concessional tariffs, export processing zone, custom duty recovery system and highest negotiation with prime countries.

According to the UN, Bangladesh has gained notable progress in economic growth, health and life expectancy. As a result, the country is most probably going to leave the LDC category by 2024.

Amazingly, Bangladesh’s exports rose over record levels of an earlier year in2018. It came for garment sales reaching 39.3 USD billion.

The first largest export country of Bangladeshi products is the United States. Bangladesh is the 60th export country for the USA. In 2019, two-way trade reached USD 9.0 billion between Bangladesh and the United States.   

Remember; don’t make plans for a tour to any country without any information about Transport. It may ruin your excitement of the trip.

 So, read this document before visiting this beautiful Bangladesh. Anyway, Transport plays an active role in the economy by transporting passengers and commodities within the country and outside. Transport system also influences the trade of Bangladesh by shifting raw materials and marking of products.

There are three ways of Transport in Bangladesh.

Land transportation:

This transportation system again includes roads and railways. Roads are very important for distribution of agricultural products, marking and for rapid Transport. Since, it is not possible to go anywhere by railways, roads are necessary for easy Transport. Road transport system in Bangladesh is good to go to any place in the country. So, you can easily make you journey to Bangladesh.

Moreover, Railway network is another important aspect of land transportation. Bangladesh Railway network is relatively small but has significant contribution in transporting heavy goods, laborers, agricultural and industrial products. It also unites the main seaport, cities, towns, trade, and industrial centers.

Waterways:

Together with river transport and ocean shipping, waterways play a great role in both internal and international trade and commerce.

Bangladesh is a land of rivers where waterways spread like a net. The country’s geographical structure is also favorable for waterways.

Waterways are the cheapest transport system in this province. Generally, the rivers in the south and the east are more suitable for inland communication. Dhaka, Narayanganj, Barisal, Khulna, Chandpur are important river parts in Bangladesh. There are two seaports here also named- Chittagong and Mongla.

Airways:

Airways are those who want a comfortable journey to any place. In Bangladesh, Airways transportation is limited. Dhaka is connected with Sylhet, Chittagong, Jessore, Rajshahi, Cox’sbazar, Saidpur, and Barisal by air. Private airlines also operate air service on internal routes. There are three international airports in Bangladesh named Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport, Chittagong Shah Amanat, and Sylhet Osmani International Airport.

Electricity is the prime source of power for most of the country’s economic functions. The total installed electricity generation ability of Bangladesh was 20,000 MW in 2018 and 15,351 MW in 2017. The energy reserve of Bangladesh is very limited. It mainly comes from natural gas, oil, and coal.

The country will need around 34,000 MW of electricity by 2030 to continue its economic growth of more than 7 percent.

Natural gas is the main source of Bangladesh’s power. 62% of the electricity generated in the country comes from natural gas. Rest 10% comes from diesel, 5% from coal, and 3.3% is from renewable sources, and 3% from heavy oil.

Let’s turn to the government and the society of Bangladesh. We should know about this topic because the government is an important element to form a state. The government of a country makes laws to manage the state’s peace and order and regulate its inhabitants. People of society abide by all legal orders and express loyalty towards the government.

Moreover, the government works by using the sovereignty of the state. This one is the supreme power of a country. By dint of this power, the government can command anyone and compel him to carry out the order. So, sovereignty is the government’s main power to maintain peace, order, and the existence of the state.

However, Bangladesh is an independent as well as a sovereign state. On 16 December 1971, this country appeared as an independent through bloody struggle. Now Bangladesh is one of the democratic countries in the world. In this sense, citizens are the source of all power.

Here the government has been selected by the direct vote of the people of the country. The democracy of Bangladesh achieved its freedom on 26 March 1971.

On the other hand, small organizations and institutions such as family, clan, and co-operative clubs are parts of the society. Family is the first part of the community.

In Bangladesh, people love to live together, maintaining family bonds in society. Though, this aspect is changing day by day for the industrialization system of government. People move to other places to find jobs for them. That’s why; we see single families in most urban societies.

There is a close relationship between government and society. The nature of this relationship depends on the national community. Generally, the government is the main controlling key for the people of the society. In Bangladesh, the government works for social, economic, political progress in society. Here, in society, the democratic government is dominating.

Primarily the constitution represents the country’s basic governance structure. It means the protection of fundamental, political, and civil rights and citizens.

This system works in the image of the government’s political form, mainly the allocation of power among various parts of the government. It controls and maintains the power of supremacy in the whole country through divisional branches.

In short, the constitution framework reserves all fundamental principles of the republic country.

In Bangladesh, the government strongly handles the constitutional framework. It provides citizens’ rights, equality, religious freedom, and justice throughout the country.

Bangladesh achieved independence in 1971. The country attained freedom through a bloody historical struggle for national liberation and established an independent, sovereign People’s Republic of Bangladesh. The autonomous government then maintains freedom of speech, freedom of association, freedom of the press, and offers equal rights within the citizens’ fundamental rights. All these are preserved in the Constitution of Bangladesh.

Furthermore, after independence, the Bangladesh constitution was disrupted by coups. In 1975 a military rebellion led to a regime of martial law, though the government’s constitution that followed was a combination of the presidential and parliamentary system. But effectively, the power of government remained with the army.

Bangladesh came across the additional upsets and the terms of military law in the 1980S. The parliamentary system re-established again in1991. According to that system, the President was the head of state, and the prime minister was the governmental head.

However, the House of Nations, the Parliament of Bangladesh, is a unilocular entity comprising 350 seats. Constituencies of Bangladesh elect them by direct vote.

Members of the Parliament elect a Speaker and Deputy Speaker from themselves. The member also elects the President for a five-year term, with a limit of two times. Next, the President appoints a Prime Minister as the head of the legislative majority party.

The Chief Justice of Bangladesh presides over an independent Judiciary Judge Court and Judicial Magistrates Courts are subordinate courts consisting of original jurisdiction to try all civil offenses and disputes.  

This one is an important topic for you to know more about Bangladesh. Local government means the governing body of particular areas in the country. It works within powers represented to them by enactment or direction of the country’s government’s high level.

The main purpose of the local government is to offer an embodied system. For that, councils practice their power and accountabilities to work for the good governance, peace, and order of their municipal areas.

Generally, the Local government council administers the local area of government. Chairman works as the Chief Executive of the local government, and the others are councilors. The provincial government area is also subdivided into wards.

These wards are a minimum of ten in number and a maximum of fifteen for one area. The councilor is responsible for looking after each ward. He directly reports to the Chairman, as the state government.

Anyway, The structure of Bangladesh is made up of 8 divisions and 64 districts. These districts are again subdivided into upazillas. Within metropolitan cities, each district has several unions, and each union consists of multiple villages. Villagers select Charman and several members for each union by direct vote. In 1977, Parliament passed an act to reserve three female seats in every union. In Bangladesh, the local and regional government has four steps:

  • Divisional administration
  • District administration
  • Sub-district administration
  • Rural, Municipal and City administration

The divisional commissioner is the directorial head of 4 divisions. All the government office divisions are under control of the Divisional Commissioner. Zilla Parishad or District Council represents the local government at the district. District Council takes care of the overall progress activities at the district level.

UNO, the non-elected administrator, works under elected posts in Upazila. Every Upozila council consists of Chairman, Vice-Chairman, and female vice-Chairman. All of those are elected positions.

The smallest unit of local government is the Union Council consisting of nine wards. Normally, one village is called a ward. Bangladesh has 4,573 unions. A union council is responsible for agrarian, industrial, and social development within the union.

Ethnic villages are run by different local government frameworks. They have their own king or village Chief. He is responsible for the overall development of ethnic society.

Mostly, justice means the concept of moral rightness based on law, natural law, ethics, rationality, fairness, and equity with the supervision of the law.

The justice system structure for an area is that all people have an equal right to get justice. In terms of law and politics, justice is one of the strong moral values.

 The justice system of Bangladesh is based on a common law system. In Bangladesh, Judiciary is composed of the Supreme Court, subordinate courts, and tribunals. Supreme Court explains the laws created by the Parliament of Bangladesh. It also has the power to announce them null and void and to impose basic rights of the citizens.

Bangladesh Supreme Court is made of High Court Division and Appellate Division. The Appellate Division will have administration to hear and dictate appeals from decrees, judgment, order, and the High Court sentences. It has a law-making power for acting the practice and procedure of every division and subordinate Court to it.

You know, Bangladesh is a country with a large population according to its whole area. The country suffers from extreme malnutrition. The current calorie intake standard is much lower than the required need, 1850 kilocalories per capita. Malnutrition derives from the confluent of poverty, disease, and rapid population growth, and illiteracy, environment risks, unequal food distribution added to social and cultural inequities. Severe malnutrition presents mainly among landless agricultural workers’ families and farmers with small land owners.

The highest child malnutrition happens in the country in the world. Two-thirds of children are under-nourished whose ages are five, and 60% below six ages are diminutive.

However, Bangladesh faces a wide burden of disease due to a vast population:

  • Infectious diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis rubella, etc
  • Non-communicable diseases such as as- stroke, diabetes, hypertension, etc.

Presently, Bangladesh has a large number of government hospitals and local health centers. Cholera, Tuberculosis, malaria continues to display a warning to public health.  Outbreaks of dengue are another matter of concern as well.

Nonetheless, Cholera and Tuberculosis treatment has improved effectively for the approach of research laboratories and hospitals located in Dhaka and Comilla. With that, malaria also has been decreased by a program of malaria-eradication. Under this program, respective people spray insecticides in marshes and swamps regularly.

In the past, Leprosy was another severe problem in Bangladesh. The government made vigorous attempts to eliminate the disease in the late 20th century. Leprosy had potentially vanished from the region within below a decade.

Government departments and private agencies provide social services such as community development projects, Youth centers, orphanages, disabled children, and training institutions for Social workers. Again the family planning program started in the last 20th century has helped to control the birth rate.

You know, culture means the way people live their daily life. Culture includes language, food, dress, customs, and music.
Bangladesh is rich in culture. Also, this country has worldwide fame for its cultural activities. Culture becomes an
undividable part of the life of Bangladeshi people. From ancient times, culture values their daily works and life.
Bangladesh is fortunate to have a mixer of ethnic cultures. Both together make the culture of Bangladesh. Ethnics have
their own mother tongue. But they are united with others by the use of Bangla.

When you walk through villages’ roads, you will see that people have already started their daily activities. You know most of the villagers in Bangladesh are farmers. So, they start work as early as possible. Rural people lead a very simple life. Some go to the field with goats, some start boat riding. Women begin their household activities.

Most of the customs in Bangladesh have grown, centering the farming practices. For example, Navanna is the ancient festival of the new harvest. It holds in the month of Agrahayana, the month of plenty. Farmer’s home becomes full of golden paddy. Women make pitha with new Rice. Fishers catch plenty of fish in winter.

Pohela Baishakh is one of the popular traditional festivals in Bangladesh. It holds on the first date of Baishakh. The country enjoys it as Bengali New year. On this day, people start their day eating Hilsha and soaked Rice (Pantabhat).

Still, we find joint families in the society of Bangladesh. Responsible family members look after their old parents and relatives. Muslims respect their elders with Salam, and Hindus say Namasker.

Again, yet arrange marriages and available here. Parents or relatives select life partners for their children. Nowadays, educated People choose their own partners accordingly.

The main festivals are religious in this region. The two most popular religious festivals are Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha. Durga puja is a famous festival for Hindus in Bangladesh.

Furthermore, people celebrate the birth of a child by distributing sweets among friends, relatives, and neighbors. The naming ceremony, circumcision are other common festivals in Bengali society.

Besides, the traditional dress for women is the sari. But the Salwar- Kamiz has also grown in popularity, especially in young women. Young girls wear frocks and skirts.

Men traditionally wear lungi at home, especially in the village. Male wear trousers and shirts for office work. They also wear Panjabi-Payjama for special occasions. Old Hindus wear dhuti and Panjabi.

Bangladesh features a rich tradition of art. Specimens of pottery and ancient terracotta reveal exceptional artistry. Bengali painters and their artists works are broadly popular throughout the globe. 

Some researches present the origin of art back to 450 BC. But it developed significantly during the Pala rule, from 750 to 1l74 CE. The Palas fabricated a unique form of Buddhist art that further influenced the Japanese, eastern Asian, Chinese, and Tibetan art.

The influence of Islamic art in Bangladesh art started at the time of the Bengal Sultanate. Next, it mostly flourished in the course of the Mughal rule. We find the impact of Islamic art, mainly in the country’s mosques, Mazars, and shrines.

The modern period is also famous for giving birth to several artists in Bangladesh. The great artist Zainul Abedin introduced modern painting in Bangladeshi art. His sketch on famine made him a world-famous artist. In 1943, this sketch earned the international admiration of Bangladeshi painting.

The contributions of Qamrul Hasan, SM Sultan, Anwarul Haque, Shafiuddin Ahmed, and Shafiqul Amin are magnificent. Other renowned artists of the country are Rashid Chowdhury, Adur Rajjak, Quyyam Chowdhury, Murtaja Baseer, etc. Some popular artworks include Beauty Regime (1953) by Zainul Abedin, Peacock and Parrot 1976, by Qamrul Hassan, Farmers in Confrontation (1986), and Harvesting (1986) by SM Sultan.

Mainly, literature is a body of written and imaginative works of prose and poetry distinctive by the authors’ purpose. We can categorize literature to the diversification of system inclusive of language, historical period, national origin, the genre, and subject matter.

Anyway, the history of Bangladesh and Bengali literature goes back through the years. There is a noteworthy difference between the library works of pre-independence and post-independent Bangladesh.

Literature is produced in many aspects from Bangladesh, such as from prose to poetry and various languages.

In medieval times, Muslims patronized literature, and it developed considerably. The famous poets of this time are Daulat Kazi, Alaol, Chandidas.

Again, the period of modern literature of the Bengali language started in the late 19th century. Rabindranath Tagore, Michael, Madhusudhan Datta, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Mir Mosharraf Hossain, Kazi Abdul Wadud are the pathfinder of this modern Bengali Literature.

The works of Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam are the best known in Bengali literature. Rabindranath is recognized as a world poet and got Noble Prize in 1913 for his outstanding work ‘Gitanjali.’

Kazi Nazrul is also famous for his great contributions to Bengali literature. He is known as a rebel poet and national bard in Bangladesh.

Other famous masterpieces of Bengali literature are Tahmina Anam’s “A golden age” (2007) and Rokeya Sakhawat Hussain’s “Sultana’s Dream”(1905).

If you are eager to know about Bengali art and culture, you must know its traditional music, dance, and theater. Mostly the influence of the Indian sub-continent is notable. Bangladesh enjoys music, including folk music. Farmers sing songs while plowing their fields. Boatmen sing on their boats. Baul sings while moving from village to village.

However, Bangladeshi music has three distinctive categories:

  • Classical music
  • Folk music
  • Modern music

Both the vocal and instrumental of classical music have been achieved from the remote past of the Indian sub-continent. Ustad Ayet Ali Khan and Ustad Alauddin Khan are two popular names in classical instrumental music and have worldwide recognization.

The folk song is the other noticeable part of Bangladeshi music. The spiritual aspects of the lyrics and the concept of philosophy have formed them immortal. Many anonymous lyricists, along with Lalon Fakir, Hasan Raja, have a rich contribution to the folk and spiritual song. We see the realm of folk music, including Bhatali, Murshidi, Jari, Shari, and similar categories of folk music in Bangla. The effect of Rabindra Shangit and Nazrul Sangit is outstanding in Bangla song. It is measured as a valuable heritage in the music industry of Bangla. Modern music is also practicing widely in the country. Pop song and band groups have increased with the influence of the western song.

Bangladeshi has its own original musical instruments; they are being used as a part of Bengali culture. For instance, Bonshi, Dhole, Dotora, Dhade, Mandira, Ektara are famous musical instruments of Bangladesh. At present, the use of western instruments like Guitars, drums, Saxophones, synthesizers is also expanding alongside regional instruments.

Sub-continental influence is also abundant in Bangladeshi dance. There are eight types of classical dance here. Among them, Bharatanatyam, Karthic, Monipuri, Odissi are being practiced widely. Though they came from the Indian sub-continent, they have become part of Bengali culture.

Folk dance is the main and regional dance of Bangladesh. This form of dance has been continuing from generation to generation. Artists have the liberty to perform folk dance, maintaining the original traditional form. There are also various types of songs in this region, such as Baul, Gambira, Jari, Dhali, Damail, Jele, Tribal, and Fakir. Modern dances are also performing in Bangladesh, including Salsa, Hip-hop, Indian film dance, and B-Boying.

Theatre is another popular feature of Bangladeshi culture. Mainly, there are three sorts of theatres-

  • Sanskrit Theatre
  • Folk theatre
  • European Theatre

Visual art is the form of art that people practice throughout the country. Bangladesh has an internal history. That came from thousands of years ago and is still practicing.

However, visual art and architecture have a close relation to each other. Visual art is a creative art form like painting, printmaking, photography, drawing, sculpture, craft, video, ceramics, design, and architecture. Other artistic disciplines like conceptual art, performing arts, and textile arts also include visual art and different types of arts. Fine arts and decorative arts are also parts of visual art, but not always.

Bangladesh visual arts are the reflection of contemporary social, economic, religious lifestyle. A new wave of advancement in the visual art of Bangladesh started through British rule. The British passed over their influence in almost every sector of Bangladeshi visual art. The great artist Gainful Abedin is the famous visual artist of this period.

Photography is another important form of visual art. Bangladesh also has drawn its mark in this part of the art. Manzoor Alam Beg, Golam Kasem Daddy, Naibuddin Ahmed are the pioneers of visual photography. The first women photographer of Bangladesh is Syeeda Khanom. Mohammad Rakibul Hasan has a significant contribution to this field.

We find many proofs of architectural art practice in Bangladesh. The Sompur Mahavihara, Kantajir Temple, is a remarkable example of early architecture.

Islamic art was also influenced more in the form of architecture. The Sixty Dome Mosque is the best impressive Muslim monument in the Indian sub-continent, which is the greatest example of Islamic art. The Lalbagh Fort is another unique expression of Mughal Architecture.

In modern factors, Bangladeshi architecture has become variegated. Economic advancement has promoted the architecture from its traditional form to contemporary style since the civilization of Bangladesh. The art of architecture has become modern with the development of urbanization and modernization. But the softness of the country’s subsoil retrains the establishment of skyscrapers.

Every nation on earth has its particular games and sports. Bangladesh is not different from them. As you know, sports help to make our mind fresh and also a source of entertainment. This is as necessary for the body and mind as our food and drink.

Bangladesh is very popular for its sports and related recreation. Sports and physical recreation is one kind of leisure activity. In general, people in the country spend their leisure time playing, fishing, swimming, gossiping, gardening, and flying kites and enjoying them.

In Bangladesh, sport is a popular aspect of enjoyment and also an important part of the culture. The country’s popular sport is cricket, but kabaddi is its national sport. People also play football, badminton, basketball, volleyball, and a medium of recreation in Bangladesh.

Bangladesh cricket team attained undeniable popularity throughout the world. The National Cricket Team upholds the name of Bangladesh to the world. In 1999, the Bangladesh cricket team played world cup cricket for the first time. The team got test status that year. In February 2020, Bangladesh enjoyed the first World Cup victory by the Youth National Cricket Team.

Women’s sports are also progressing day by day. They are playing a significant role in Bangladesh. In2018, Bangladesh Women’s National Cricket Team won the T20 Asia Cup final.

Football is another enjoyable and popular game in this region, along with cricket. Bangladesh Football Federation organizes many regular tournaments. They do in and outside of the capital Dhaka. During the FIFA World Cup, football fever grabs the whole nation.

There are many kinds of rural games in Bangladesh. Dariabanda, Kanamachhi, hide and seek, touch and run, Gollachhut, etc., are good examples of the local game. Young children play these unique games during their free time.

Ha-du-du is a popular local game played in the open ground. Both players and spectators enjoy this match. It costs low but gives the highest joy and thrill.

Most of the country games are interesting and entertaining. People can play without spending much money. They don’t always need large fields. These village games are appropriate for body exercise. They are also a source of unlimited joy and happiness. You may feel tension-free, delightful, and free from a toneless routine life.

There are three parts of media in Bangladesh- print, broadcast as well as online mass media. Government permits freedom of expression and press freedom with limited restrictions. Bangladesh media is a combination of government-owned media and private media.

There was a News Agency in Bangladesh before its independence in 1971. The Associated Press of Pakistan (AAP) had branchlets in Dhaka city and Chittagong from 1949. After freedom, it was by Bangladesh Sangbad Sangsha. This one was the Bangladesh state-owned agency.

Eastern News Agency (ENA) is the country’s second news agency and the first privately owned. United News of Bangladesh is another private owned and first computerized agency established in 1988.

The print media of the country is private and consists of many weekly publications. Bangladesh has 3,025 registered print media, according to the report of the Information Minister of the national Parliament in 2018. There are 1,191 daily newspapers, and 470 of them are Dhaka based. The Azad was the first Bengali daily newspaper (1939-1992) in Dhaka.

At present, the Daily Prothom Alo has become the most popular, trusted, and reliable newspaper. Others include Ittefaq, BD News 24, Jugantor, Kalerkantho, Samakal, etc. There are a few English Newspapers. Among them, the Daily Star is most appealing to educated readers.

Nonetheless, Television is the largest and preferable medium for news. The establishment of Satellite television and the widespread use of the Internet in the last fifteen years have changed the media in Bangladesh. There are many online news portals in Bangladesh. Twenty-nine stations of satellite television have emerged across the country. Satellite broadcasting brings the whole world to the people. Now live telecasts have become more popular and dominate the media.

Social media and online news services have become popular also. They dominate, especially in the young generation, by using faster Internet service. Nowadays, Facebook has become a great source of news and information for people.

Radio is not staying behind. It has encompassed community radio stations and commercial FM. They are trying to establish their presence in the media landscape. The commercial radio station is more popular among youths. They air many entertainment programs, music, and celebrity-related stories.

Do you want to know about tourism in Bangladesh? Then this article will help you. Your trip will complete in smooth only when you get the correct Bangladesh travel information. You need travel to see this terrain. Almost every district of this beautiful country has various places of interest. Many tourists from home and abroad gather every year to visit here. There are eye-catching tourist attractions like ancient installations, mountain-diving, boat trips on the river, moonlighting in the green, Even feel getting lost in the realm of clouds.

Bangladesh travel information at a Glance

Let’s find out about some of the tourist destinations in Bangladesh

 

Sajak Valley:

Sajak Valley, Bangladesh, Bangladeshn

Sajak Union is a famous tourist attraction in Baghaichhari Upazila of Rangamati district in Bangladesh. It covers on the north by Tripura in India, south by Longadu in Rangamati, on the east by Mizoram. On the west by Dighinala in Khagrachari.You can go to Sajak all year round. And there is no risk of landslides or road collapses in Sajak. Sajak’s bananas and oranges are quite famous. Sajak Valley is called the roof of Rangamati.

Clouds, mountains, and greenery are everywhere in Sajak.  There are three helipads, from which you can see a fantastic view of sunrise and sunset. Sajak has an exceptional experience of seeing all three aspects of nature in 24 hours.

Sometimes very hot, after a while, it rains. After a period, it may cover with a cloud. It feels like a valley of shadows. You can trek from Ruilui Para in Sajak to Kanlak Hill. Kanlak is the highest peak of Sajak. Tourists can enjoy various aspects of their culture during the tribal festivals. We enjoy them at certain times of the year.

How to get there

From Rangamati, you can reach Kaptai by boat and walk a long way to Sajak. Although Sajaks is in the Rangamati district, its transportation facility is from Khagrachhari. From Khagrachhari city or Dighinala by local car (jeep car, CNG, motorcycle) to Sajak is the easiest and most popular way.

Kantajir Temple:

Kantajir Temple is a traditional structure in Bangladesh.  This temple uses various names. Some people know it as Kantajew Temple or Kantnagar Temple. Many people also know Kantjir Temple as Navaratna Temple. This 16th-century temple, located at Kantnagar village on the Dhempa river banks, about one mile west of the Dinajpur-Tetlia road. It is 20 km far from the town Dinajpur.

The Mahabharata, Ramayana, and various myths, inscribed on about 15,000 terracotta tiles or terracotta plaques on this square temple’s outer walls. Idols surround the three-step temple.

How to go

You can easily visit Kantajir Temple by renting an auto-rickshaw or CNG from Dinajpur.

Jaflong in Sylhet, Bangladesh:

Sylhet, Bangladesh, Bangladeshn

If you want to know about tourism in Bangladesh, then Jaflong is a lovely place. Jaflong in Sylhet is known all over the country as the Daughter of nature. It is located at the foot of Khasi Jaintia hills and is a land of natural beauty. The piles of rocks laid out on the banks of the Piain River have made Jaflong attractive.

The Indian hills on the other side of the border, the nonstop waterfalls are flowing from the Dauki hills. The hanging Dauki Bridge, the crystal-clear water of the Piain River, the dense forests in the high mountains, and the silence enchant the area.

Every day local and foreign tourists come here to see these scenes. Jaflong’s attraction to the tourists seems to be different. If you come to Sylhet and travel to Jaflong, the trip will be incomplete.

How to get there

You can reserve a car at Jaflong from an auto rickshaw or microbus stand in Sylhet city.

Ratargul Swamp:

Ratargul Swamp Forest is the only freshwater swamp forest and wildlife sanctuary in Bangladesh. You see it located at Gowainghat in Sylhet.  Ratargul is also known as the Amazon of Bengal. It is an evergreen forest on the Guinea River banks that connects it with the Chengir Canal.

Here, various wild animals and birds roam on the branches of the trees. Due to the drying up of water in winter, the monsoon and post-monsoon period is the best time to visit Ratargul. It is a natural forest.

 Even after that, the forest department planted some water-friendly species of trees, including Hijal, Varun, Karach, and Muta, in the woods. Also notable among the plants of Ratargul are Kadam, Jalibet, Arjun, and about 25 species of water-tolerant plants.

The communication system of Ratargul

 It is possible to go to Ratagul in different ways from Sylhet city. Yet, tourists can use two routes. The easiest and most beautiful way to Ratargul is through Khadim Tea Garden and Khadimnagar National Park next to Sylhet city.  Bring CNG auto-rickshaw or jeep to Sringi Bridge. You can go around the afternoon.

Madhabkunda Waterfall:

Madhabkunda falls in Barlekha Upazila of Moulvibazar district is the largest waterfall in Bangladesh. The Madhabkunda Waterfall falling water of the mountain springs from the hill about 200 feet high is attractive for tourists. Millions of tourists visit Madhabkunda Ecopark every year. The Hindus bathe in Baruni on the thirteenth day of the month of Madhukrishna. You will enjoy a fair also.

How to get there

Before reaching Barlekha by bus from Moulvibazar to Barlekha, you have to get off at Kathaltali market. From there, you can go to Madhabkunda by adding CNG auto-rickshaw 06 km east.

Bisanakandi:

Bisanakandi, Bangladesh, Bangladeshn, All Bangladesh

Bisanakandi is located in the Rustampur union of Gowainghat Upazila of Sylhet. It is a stone quarry. Another such stone quarry is Jaflong. However, Jaflong’s beauty is on the verge of ruin due to uncontrolled stone extraction. But Bisanakandi has kept its teens.

The main attraction of Bisanakandi to the tourists is the white clouds flying over the mountains and the clear water flowing over the rocks. Bisanakandi is perfect for traveling at any time.

How to get to Bisanakandi

  • Sylhet buses leave from Gabtoli, and Sayedabad bus terminals in Dhaka. AC buses of Green Line, Saudia, S Alam, Ena Paribahan travel from Fakirapul, Saidabad, and Mohakhali bus stations.
  • You can choose to travel from Dhaka to Sylhet by train from Kamalapur or Airport Railway Station. Upban, Jayantika, Parabat, or Kalni Express train is avilable as your travel companion.
  • The fastest way to get from Dhaka is airways in the quickest time and comfort. Biman Bangladesh, Regent Air, United Air, NovoAir, and US Bangla Air leave from Shahjalal International Airport for Sylhet every day.

Patenga beach:

Patenga sea beach is one of the best tourism spots in Bangladesh. This beach is 14 km south of the port city of Chittagong. The Karnafuli River originates from the Lushai Hills in Mizoram, India, flows through Rangamati and Chittagong. It joins the Bay of Bengal near Patenga Beach in Chittagong.

Lots of people gather on Patenga beach every afternoon of the week and on holidays. You have to get up in the morning and go to the beach to watch the sunrise. If you want to go to the water in the afternoon, you can increase your happiness.

However, the width of Patenga beach is not very wide, and swimming in the sea is risky here. There is an opportunity to float in the sea by speed-boat. Sea-bikes and horses are also available for sightseeing. The sunset on Patenga beach is gorgeous.

How to get Patenga Beach

You can use buses or auto rickshaws to reach the place of interest.

Cox’s Bazar :

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Cox’s Bazar beach is the longest uninhabited beach in the world. This beach’s feature with a length of 120 km is that the whole beach is sandy; mud does not exist. This beach shines in its self-glory. It’s a magical and beautiful beach.  There is no winter-monsoon-spring-summer season. The look of the beach is similar. It is different in the morning and other in the afternoon.

There is a big difference between the beach weather at dusk and night weather. That’s why domestic and foreign tourists so much appreciate Captain Cox’s beach.

Tourists do not come to Sea Beach to attend any religious gatherings. They come to embrace the sea-beach, to bathe, to enjoy its beauty to the fullest, and to enjoy the fresh air in a sober and safe environment.

The authorities organize open concerts, national and international beach-football, beach-volleyball, beach-cricket competitions, national whirlwind festivals, sand sculptures. They also arrange other events on various national and vital days. Government is trying to increase sea popularity on beaches.

How to get there

You can hire rickshaw to go to beach or on foot from near sea beach hotels.

St. Martin’s Island in Bangladesh

St. Martins is the only coral island in Bangladesh. It is a small island in the sea chest, 120 km from the district town of Cox’s Bazar, only  water and water all around. Coconut, onion, pepper, tomato, and rice are the primary agricultural products of the island. Almost all the inhabitants are fishermen.

However, due to the recent development of tourism in the country, many people live through restaurants, residential hotels, or grocery shops. The people of St. Martin’s Island are elementary. Their warm hospitality is a significant tourist attraction. There is a low cost of accommodation for tourists.

How to get there

To get to St. Martin from anywhere in Bangladesh, you must first go to Cox’s Bazar. From Cox’s Bazar, you will first reach Teknaf by jeep. And then, from Teknaf, you will get to St. Martin by C-truck, ship, or trawler.

Himchhari:

Himchhari is an exciting tourist spot. You are occasionally pouring Marine Drive. When you go, you will see children in red school dresses. And there has a line of trees on both sides of the sea. Then the road to Himchhari will start as a very high bridge. Sometimes standing on one leg of a coconut tree adds a different dimension of beauty. In places, you will see Small Mountain springs.

In the dry season, you may not see water at all. On the way, you can turn around by rickshaw or car—the sea on the side of the road. Occasionally you will see fishing boats lined up on the sand. You will forget the pain at the moment when you will see the whole beach of Cox’s Bazar from the top of the mountain in a moment. There is a small fountain here. The fountain is small, but it looks great in the rainy season.

How can you go there

There are two ways to go to Himchhari from Cox’s Bazar. Rent a jeep or a rickshaw. Or rent baby taxis and battery-powered auto rickshaws. You can go without that.

Kaptai Lake:

Kaptai Lake, Bangladesh

The Karnafuli Lake was created in 1960 due to the Kaptai Dam’s construction to set up a hydropower plant. The Area of the artificial lake is 688 km².

At the Langadur Maini’s mouth upstream of the Kachalong River, one has to be amazed at the lake’s expanse. Here the vast waters of the lake merged with the sky without hesitation. When you come to Rangamati town, you can see the unnatural coexistence of lakes and hills.

The lake’s crystal-clear waters and the magnificent beauty of the green hills attract the tourists much. The boat trip on the lake adds to the splendor of nature. It is impossible to comprehend from afar how much heart has poured its beauty here.

How to get Kaptai Lake

Speed boats and boats are available for hire at the reserve market, Tabalchhari, and tourist wharves. The rent is approximately 1200-1500 / – per hour for speed boats and 500-600 / – for the domestic ship.

Ahsan Manzil:

Ahasan Manzil is one of the well known architectural monuments of Dhaka city. The building has an attractive architectural style.

You will find it located in Islampur, Dhaka. It was formerly used as the headquarters and residence of the Indian Nawab family. The tourists quickly notice the crafts of this Manzil. One can also hear the fantastic sound of the waves of Buriganga after coming to this place.

How to reach there

Bus, car, or auto CNG

Central Shahid Minar:

The central Shahid Minar is a memorial to the 1952 language movement. You must go located on the campus of Dhaka Medical College in the center of Dhaka, Bangladesh’s capital to find it. Every year on February 21, thousands of people come here to pay their respects to the language martyrs. It is one of the historical tourist points of Dhaka.

How to get there

Rickshaws can take you from anywhere in the Dhaka University area.

Jatiya Smritisoudho (The National Memorial):

The National Memorial has been built to commemorate and pay homage to those who were martyred during the Bangladesh War of Independence in 1971. This installation is one of the best national memorials in the world. You will definitely be fascinated by Its amazing beauty and you will definitely be like the natural environment around this monument. It is located at Nabinagar in Savar Upazila of Dhaka district.

It is a most silent place with a man-made lake and gardens. This place has ten graves of unknown martyrs in the war of liberation. But you have to visit there before sunset.

How to go to the place:

It is very easy to travel here from anywhere in Bangladesh as it is located on the Dhaka-Aricha Highway, one of the highways in Bangladesh, so you can take buses, private cars, minibusses, etc. in the vehicle of your choice.

There are available bus services from Dhaka to the monument from the main Dhaka. Besides, Titas Paribahan goes from Mirpur to Savar near the national monument.

Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban (The National Parliament):

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The Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban is located in Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka. The nation is proud of this extraordinary architecture. If a selection of architecture from the time of the pyramids to the modern era is made, then the Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban of Bangladesh will be in the top row.

Arguably, it is an adequate sample of modern architectural style and refers to the postmodern architectural style. This magnificent building symbolizes the creative and poetic expression of the American architect Louis I. Kahn.

How to get there

Any bus service from Gabtoli, Sadarghat, Motijheel, and other areas of Dhaka to Farmgate are available to reach the Sangsad Bhaban area.

Sundarbans:

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Sundarbans is a giant mangrove forest in the world. The Sundarbans’ total area is about 10,000 square kilometers.It has a location joint between Bangladesh and India. This mangrove forest is part of Khulna, Satkhira, Bagerhat, Patuakhali, and Barguna districts. In 1997, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization recognized the Sundarbans as a World Heritage Site.

It’s rich in biodiversity, covers 1.84 sq km of waterlogged areas, including rivers and beels. This forest is known for being home to various birds, including the Royal Bengal Tiger, crocodiles, snakes, and Chitra deer.

There are about 120 species of fish, 350 species of plants, 260 species of birds, six amphibians, 35 species of reptiles, and 42 species of mammals. The Sundarbans Waterways are the only way to get into the Sundarbans. Winter is an excellent period to visit Sundarbans.

How to get there

  • By river: You can go to the beautiful forest by launch from the Khulna launch ghat.
  • By Road: Anyone can reach the Sundarbans by bus from Khulna.

Kuakata Sea Beach:

Kuakata sea beach is a beach and tourist destination in Bangladesh.  Tourists know it as the Daughter of the sea. The Kuakata is one of the most scenic beaches in Bangladesh, with a length of 16 km. Kuakata beach is the only beach in Bangladesh where you can see both sunrise and sunset.

How to get there

From Upazila Sadar (Kalapara Ferry Ghat) to Kuakata beach, bus fare is about- 40 / – (per person). You can also bring a motorcycle or a car as you wish.

Nilgiri:

Nilgiri is a hill station in the Bandarban district in Bangladesh. It is an incredible place. The Nilgiri is called Darjeeling in Bangladesh. The hill is 2200 feet high, about 50 km from Bandarban district headquarters. At the top of the Nilgiri Hills is the Nilgiri Tourism Center, one of the most beautiful tourist destinations in Bangladesh run by the Army.

How to get there

Anyone can reach Nilgiri straight by any modern vehicle.

Sixty-domed Mosque:

Hazrat Khan Jahan (RA) built this famous Sixty-domed mosque. This magnificent mosque is more than five centuries old and located about one and a half kilometers west of Dargah. This mosque occupies a special place in the medieval architectural style. Its architectural techniques and herbs’ decoration on red, burnt soil are surprising.

Although it’s name is the sixty-domed mosque, it has 74 domes. These domes include four crowns on the four-cornered Burmanj, and 71 domes, including six four-story domes. It is noteworthy that the prayer room’s chauchala roof has arches supported by sixty pillars of brick and stone.

The Department of Museums and Archeology of the government has taken over the responsibility of preserving this historic mosque. Mazar-e-Sharif of Khan Jahan (RA) as antiquities has been inscribed in UNESCO World Heritage list.

How to get there

From the Bagerhat District Bus stand, buses, microbuses, CNG, easy bikes/auto rickshaws can take you to the 60 Domed Mosque.

Lalbagh Fort:

Lalbagh Fort is an ancient fort built during the Mughal period in the capital Dhaka center, a historical monument of old Dhaka. The only monument of the Mughal realm in Bangladesh where Kasti stone, marble stone, and other colorful tiles use simultaneously. Apart from Lalbagh Fort, no other historical monument in Bangladesh has found such a diverse combination.

How to go

You can go from the Azimpur bus stand by renting a rickshaw.

Somapura Mahavihara:

Paharpur Buddhist Monastery or Somapura vihara or Somapura Mahavihara is an ancient Buddhist monastery now in ruins. Shri Dharmapala Dev (61-621), the second king of the Pala dynasty, built this monastery in the late eighth or ninth century. Sir Alexander Cunningham discovered this vast structure in 189 AD.

Somapura Vihara, according to the information obtained from the inscriptions found, the old name is Sri Sompur-Sri-Dharmapaladev-Mahavihara-Bhikkhu Sangh. Many scholars believe that this is the largest Buddhist monastery in the world.

The sanctuary is one of the three UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Bangladesh. The other two World Heritage Sites are the sixty-domed mosque in Bagerhat and the Sundarbans, the world’s largest mangrove forest.

How to go

The historic Sompur can be reached by direct bus from Naogaon Baludanga Bus Terminal.

Bangabandhu Safari Park:

Many people like to go on vacation with family or friends. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Safari Park is one of the most talked-about resorts and parks in Gazipur. The spectacular gate of Bangabandhu Safari Park can see from afar.

There are rows and rows of flowers in Peru. You will welcome by tigers, lions, hawks, kangaroos. There are even dinosaurs extinct from the earth long ago to accommodate you. However, these are lifeless sculptures of various wild animals made of clay, sand, and cement.

Think, you went out in the vast forest hoping to get close to nature. Suddenly a few ferocious tigers or lions jumped on you in the hope of hunting. But could not, could not swallow you for 2 inches because of the glass walls. The largest Bangabandhu safari park in Asia has built-in Gazipur, Bangladesh, in keeping with Thailand’s safari world and Bali Safari Park of Indonesia.

Rathura Mouza of Mauna Union under Sreepur Upazila of Gazipur District and Pirujali Mouza of Pirujali Union of Sadar Upazila have 4909.0 acres of forest land known as a safe habitat for different species of animals.

How to get there

It is located 40 km north of Dhaka and 3 km west of Bagher Bazar on the Dhaka-Mymensingh highway. You can go by bus, bike, CNG, autorickshaw.

Keane Bridge:

Keane Bridge is an iron bridge over the Surma River that flows through Sylhet’s city in Bangladesh. It is famous for the most spectacular and traditional places in Sylhet. The bridge over the Surma River has also of particular historical significance. The bridge is said to be the “gateway” to the city of Sylhet.

How to go

From Sylhet, you can easily reach this bridge by rickshaw or CNG auto rickshaw.

 

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Memorial Museum

This is the house of the architect of independent Bangladesh Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. He spent a critical time of his life at No. 32, Dhanmondi. Now, it is the Bangabandhu Memorial Museum. Entrance to the museum building, you see a portrait of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

In the first room of the museum on the first floor, it can say that history has been presented through pictures. Here are photographs of Bangabandhu’s conversations and exchanges of greetings with the governments and heads of state of different countries of the world at that time. This room was the drawing-room. The room next to this room was the reading room of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. He sat there and also used to write.

From here, he sent the Declaration of Independence in 1971. When you go up the stairs, you will still see the signs of that night’s violence. Besides, there is a portrait of Bangabandhu shot in the artist’s brush.

The first room to be found on the second floor was Bangabandhu’s living room. The next room was his bedroom.

The nextone beside it was Sheikh Rehana’s bedroom. These rooms now display various memorabilia of Bangabandhu and his family. It’s not just a family memento. These are introductory chapters in the history of a nation.

Among the various exhibits here are Sheikh Russell’s toys. Such as- ball, hitchhiker, bat, helmet, his picture with Sultana Kamal, etc. Besides, there are various items, including pipes and spectacles, used by Bangabandhu.

How to get there

Any bus, CNG, taxi cab, or rickshaw from Gabtoli, Motijheel, Farmgate, and New Market area of ​​Dhaka to Dhanmondi can take you to Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Memorial Museum.

 

Bangladesh National Museum:   

Bangladesh National Museum is in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. You have to go near Shahbagh Junction, next to PG Hospital, Ramna Park, and Institute of Fine Arts to visit it.There are separate exhibitions on anthropology, fine arts, history, nature, and modern and world-civilization. There is also an archive here.

On March 20, 1913, the museum started functioning in the ten Secretariat (now Dhaka Medical) with two thousand rupees. The journey of the Dhaka Museum began on August 6, 1913 AD.

The British government established a museum in this country as compensation for the abrogation of the Partition of Bengal.

How to get there:

If you want to visit the National Museum of Bangladesh. You can easily reach anywhere in Bangladesh by bus, minibus, private car, taxi, etc.

Natural beautiful Bangladesh is a significant tourist destination in South Asia. Every year a large number of domestic and foreign tourists come to visit Bangladesh. Gradually, tourism in Bangladesh is advancing further.  If you follow Bangladesh travel information, with hope, your trip will be okay. All the tourist places mentioned are incredible as beautiful. Then why are you late? Take your time and go out.

Do you want to travel to more places in Bangladesh yet? Again, you can choose from following places:

Bangladesh is a country of famous traditional food. It has a lot of conventional food. If you want to visit Bangladesh, you must try at least eight authentic and delicious divisional foods. I will share some of Bangladesh’s favorite regional dishes, which are famous in local areas.

You may have already tasted any Bangladeshi food. As in the UK, USA, European countries and worldwide, you will get several Bangladeshi restaurants.

Llikewise, you will also find many desserts included with this local food. Bangladeshi food is the brother of Bengali Indian cuisine. But it is not the same.

Bangladesh has an individual personality that makes it very different. Introduce with Bangladeshi foods

Bangladesh has eight divisions, and the division is also divided into 64 districts. So, you can find many local dishes, which are famous all over Bangladesh.

If you try these authentic local foods, you can gain a general idea about Bangladeshi foods

 

Division-1: Dhaka

There are some exceptional foods which are very rich in taste, but cheap. Old Dhaka or Puran Dhaka is more commonly referred to as a food lover’s paradise.

Every food has an incredible depth of local flavor. Old Dhaka food is culturally various and numerous that will make you confused about where to start. All the food is delicious, and you need to try; you may want to know the most famous item you must try.

Bakorkhani is one of the most popular foods in Dhaka that has an unforgettable taste. It is the famous food of the residents of old Dhaka. Without Bakorkhani, local people can’t spend a single day.

Bakorkhani is eating with Tea. Besides this, you can add something spicy or sweets with Bakorkhani that will enrich your Bakorkhani taste.

Without Bakorkhani, you can taste Dhakai Biriyani with a glass of Borhani. There are different types of drinks, such as- Pistacio Drink, Lemon Drink, Malai Tea, Cumin Water.

Within the traditional desserts, BibiyanaPitha, Rice Rudding, Faluda, Shahi Jilapi, and many more you can try.

 

Division-2: Chittagong

Chittagong is the largest of the eight administrative divisions of Bangladesh. It covers the south-easternmost areas of the country.

Chittagong is famous for hot and spiced curries especially Beef Kala Bhuna  with Plain Rice. Mejbani Gosh is a signature dish of Chittagong.                                                                                             

Another dish is Akhni, which looks like khichuri, but the different item is a special Rice and Beef dish. Chanar Daal is also the most delicious item; try it with Paratha. And Nihari, Nola Kanji, Duroos is another famous food in Chittagong.

Shukti Mach, Bela Biscuit, Hilsa Fish, Loitta Fish, Peara, Panifol, etc., are also famous local food in Chittagong. Jorda is a renowned dish of the Chittagong dessert.

 

Division-3: Sylhet

This division is famous for Tea, Oranges, Cane Furniture, Textile, and Incense Sticks. These all are exported to other countries.

This division is also famous for its Islamic Inheritance of the Shrine of Shah Jalal, Shah Poran, and many others. These represent a symbol of Muslim glory and wisdom.

There are some exceptional food items. But note that no food is unique. These are related to other food available outside. Hatkora is curry cooked by Beef items in Sylhet.

Beef Hatkora is a very famous dish of Sylhet and most famous for its great smell. Akhni is a particular Sylhet version of Tahari. It’s also very delicious.

Hutki Shira is a dry fish curry made with vegetables. It is curry without oil or fat. Traditionally, Hidol is used for cooking the curry.

Handesh or TelerPitha, Nunor Bora, Sunga Pitha, TushaShinni are famous desserts in Sylhet. You must try one of these desserts.

 

Division-4: Khulna

Khulna is the third-largest city in Bangladesh. World’s largest mangrove forest Sundarbans is situated in Khulna. You must visit this division.  You must appreciate the Khulna food.

Before my trip, I had not much idea how delicious and unique the food in Khulna. Chui Jhal is one type of masala found in the Khulna district of Bangladesh.

Chui Jhal is the stalk of a particular vine uses this as a spice to a Meat-based curry dish to bring out an extra flavor. This curry is eating with Plain Rice. I recommend you if you come to Khulna, must try it.

Another one of the best meals you ought to have in Khulna is a Shrimp Curry. Khulna also is known for Shrimp, where has a lot of Shrimp farm. It is a popular choice of local people.

After a meal, you should not miss their Curd Dessert. The sweet is also very yummy, which serves on a piece of Banana Leaf. Without this, here is a Sponge Rasgulla and Pantua.

 

Division-5: Rajshahi

Especially, Rajshahi is well-known for Mango. Most parts of the Rajshahi division are full of Mango gardens.

Rajshahi Mango is famous all over Bangladesh. It is one kind of juicy fruit. If you go Rajshahi, you should try this. But Mango is a seasonal fruit. It comes in the summer season.

There is a lot of famous food. In breakfast, Patch Paratha is famous. Beef Kala Bhuna is the favorite dish for lunch eating with rice. For the snacks, Kalai Roti is famous.

Without this, you can try many street foods like- Puri Burger, Seek Burger, Bot Paratha, Sajjad’s Vaja and Lebuchur, Kalizasingara, Shashlik.

So, the dessert item you should not miss is Chanar Polao, made of soft Chhana in the shape of Basmati Rice and cooked as sweet rice. Jalebi or Jilapi is one of the oldest desserts in the city.

BagurarDoi (yogurt)is also famous all over Bangladesh, which is situated Rajshahi division. And Tandoori Tea is also trendy in Rajshahi.

 

Division-6: Rangpur

This division is famous for Lychee. If you go to Dinajpur, you will see how many Lychee gardens there are. Dinajpur Lychee is famous all over Bangladesh. It’s a juicy fruit.

At one you eat this fruit, you will never forget its taste. This division is also famous for different types of foods. The name of the foods is- Chira, Papra, Rasmonjuri, Tobacco, and Sugarcane.

The street food is Paratha, Singara, the Beef Chap with Attar Roti, Brain Chap, Chotpoti with one and quarter eggs in Rangpur.

There are some sweets you can try. They are- Hari Vanga, Danar Jilapi, Gurer Misti, Shahi Rajvog, Shahi Chom Chom, etc.

Division-7: Barishal

Barishal has a big Guava garden, consisting of three districts that are Jhalokathi, Pirojpur, and Barishal. This Guava garden has a specialty that it is a floating Guava garden and Bazaar.

If you go to Barishal, you must visit this place to see that superb scenery. And this division is also famous for the Hilsa fish, the Paddy. Sor-malai, Chanar Sweet is the favorite dessert of this division.

Biskee is a locally trendy dish in this district. It is made from rice. It is one type of dessert because it uses Molasses and Coconut.

 

Division-8: Mymensingh 

If you come to Mymensingh, you must eat Chapar Puli and Lorai Shak with Plain Rice. This region is famous for Chapa Sutki. This dish is just excellent.

Jackfruit is a popular fruit of this local area. Midori is one kind of traditional dessert you will try. Card, Monda is a Mymensingh specialty for dessert.

Are you determined about your traveling that you want to travel all Bangladesh? Before traveling, you must read this one. So, you can gain enough experience with foods in Bangladesh. Now, I hope you are waiting to grab the opportunity to eat these unique, authentic, and mouthwatering foods!

You will become astonished to learn about the historical background of Bangladesh. The country named which was born in 1971, is a very primitive one. The country of Bangladesh, which you know, has a long glorious history.

Today’s Bangladesh has not been created in a smooth way. Lots of sacrifices and bloodshed were behind the establishment of this independent country. Bengalis struggled and fought to get this present in Bangladesh.

Anyway, I will discuss human settlement in Bangladesh, political ups and downs, and its impacts. Let’s start with the ancient.

Ancient age:

We have to keep in mind that present Bangladesh was known as Pundra Burdwan, Banga, Goura, Samatata, Barendra, Horical, etc. We can see the history of present Bangladesh from the time of Buddhist Maurya Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE.

Some researchers anticipated from the Mahasthanagar stone script that Emperor Ashoka ruled Pundranagar. They also say the Maurya Dynasty was extended up to Chittagong.

But the elaborate history of the country is known from the Gupta Dynasty from the 4th to the 6th century CE. We know about some other kings of the Bangladesh region towards the end of the Gupta Dynasty. They are known as Next Gupta.

After the Next Gupta rulers, we find the identity of king Shashanka in the 7th century A.D. He was the first powerful king of Bengali. He established the boundaries of Bengal with the capital Karnasubarna. He extended the borders further during his reign.

After the death of Shashanka, there was no permanent king for about a hundred years above. For this, there was a century of anarchy, chaos.

Then, in the 8th century, Gopala ascended the throne as the founder of the Pala Dynasty (750-1161A.D). This ancestry ruled over 400 years in Bangladesh. As followers of Buddhism, the Pala Dynasty opposed Brahmanism and nurtured Buddhism.

Bangladesh attained excellence in an expansion of the kingdom, politics, economics, art, architecture, and other areas of fine arts during the long Pala regime.

In 1080 AD, the people of the fishing community named Kaivartya made a successful revolt under Divya’s leadership. They took possession of the throne, defeating Mahipala II. But Kaivarta reign was short-lasting. Rampala, the brother of Mahipala killed the Kaivartya rural Veema in a fierce fight in 1082 A.D and re-established pala ancestry in Barendra region.

Then, Sena Dynasty (1098-1204 AD) came to power during the last Pala rural Madan Pala. The Sena rulers originated from Karnatica of South India. Vijaya Sena was the first king, and then came Vallal Sen. Lakshman Sen was the popular king among Sena ancestry. Eventually, Turkish hero Bakhitiyara Khilji defeated him in 1204 A.D. For this conquest, the Muslim region spread all over Bangladesh.

From Maurya Era to Sena Era has been turned into an ancient age in the history of Bangladesh. In this old-time, people worked as barbers, potteries, cobbler, or blacksmiths. They were Buddhism and Hinduism. They used boats, bullock’s carts, palanquins as their transport. They also enjoyed music, dance, dice, and wrestling.

People’s main occupation was farming at that time. They could also weave fine cotton and silk cloth for export. In the 8th century, there was plenty of overseas trade through Chittagong seaport.

Middle age:

Bakhtiar Khilji introduced the popular royal power of Muslims in Bengal in the 13th century. Later, Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah came to power in the 14th century. His ultimate achievement was to keep Bengal independent from the Sultans of Delhi. Local language literature and poetry had prospered in his dynasty.

In the 16th century, Baro-Bhuiyan leader Isha Khan fought for independence from Mughal.  Barobhuiyans saved independence. Isha khan secured Bengal from the Mughals till after his death.

Again in 1610 AD, Bangladesh came under the Mughal rule. It became a province of Mughals losing freedom. They appointed Shayesta Khan as a local governor. He was a good ruler. Rice was cheap at his time. He also drove away from the local pirates.

In Bangladesh, Muslim rule from Sultani to Mughal Era is known as Middle Age. Bengal was well-known for the harmony of Muslims, Hindus, and Buddhists. This Medieval age was also famous for its Bengali literature and language.

Economic life remained based on agriculture. Cotton and Silk garments earned fame together with ivory and woodworks. Exports overstepped imports. People traded garments, spices, and precious stones out of Chittagong.

Now, get ready to enter the colonial rule of Europe. As you know, the foreign Mughal continued to rule till the middle of the 18th century. Mughal dynasty finally came to an end with the downfall of Nawab Siraj-ud-Dawla in the battle of Plassy in 1757. The power of Bengal again went under the control of foreign forces, Europeans.

We all know a powerful trade revolution started in the 14th century in Europe. So, it became essential for them to look for raw materials and markets for selling products. In 1498, Vasco-da-Gama discovered the kalikot port of South India.

This incident helped other countries to get a chance to expand trade and commerce in India. India became the target of them for its chief attractions: silk, fine art clothes, and the different spices of Bengal.

However, the British East India Company established a commercial base at Hoogley in 1651 and Kashim Bazar in 1658. Generally, the company started to influence the administration of Nawab. The East India Company did it to make their position strong in Bengal.

For this above purpose, some officers engaged themselves with the conspiracy of the Nawab family after the death of Nawab Alibardee Khan. Next, Lord Clive wanted to occupy Murshidabad and faced Nawab’s Army in a mango orchard at Murshidabad. The Nawab of Bengal was defeated in the battle of Plassey held on June 23, 1757. They killed the Nawab family brutally.

At last, with time, Clive officially got Dewani from Delhi’s emperor in 1765 AD. Then revenue collection went to the hands of English. Clive also continued the dual administration in Bengal. As a result, the Nawab became an administrator by name and got powerless responsibility.

The time of Diarchy was an acute curse for the people of this country. The English imposed more tax on the subjects. Otherwise, Bangladesh faced a great famine because of drought for three years in Bengali year 1176.

Few English governors indeed took steps to exceed education, stop the early marriage, and introduce widow – marriage. They also started the practice of modern science. In this way, a new educated civil society appeared in the country. But the large Bengali community became oppressed by the British rule.

However, the British period in India continued till 1947 AD for nearly 200 years. The East India Company ruled for the first one hundred years. Then Queen Victoria of England took control of power.

But freedom lover Bengali couldn’t accept the British rule. They began the Anti-British movement against the English. Finally, in 1947, the British left the Indian subcontinent.

In 1947, after the departure of British rulers, India was divided based on the two-nation theory of Lahor Proposal. East Pakistan became independent from the British as a part of West Pakistan.

Even so, Eastern Bengal people did not get independence in true. The administrative power was in the hand of West Pakistan. They enforced their torture and exploitation of the people of East Pakistan. In a real sense, East Bengal people had to start their movement from August 14, 1947, to achieve independence.

The Language movement (1952):

West Pakistani exploited Bengalis in various ways. They enjoyed all benefits of education, employment, and trade as Pakistan’s capital was in West Pakistan. The first attack of them was on the Bengali culture, mother tongue, Bangla. They spoke Urdu, a different language from Bengalis.

Moreover, they tried to impose this language on the people of East Bengal.

On February 21, 1952, a procession of students and political parties took place on the streets of Dhaka to protest the right to speak in their own language. Police opened fire on that procession.  They killed many more, including Rafiq, Jabbar, Barkat, Salam, and Shafiqur. After years of struggle, the central government approved the Bengali language as a state language in 1956.

The central Shahid Minar was built in memory of language martyrs in Dhaka. Every year Bengalis celebrate February 21 as language Martyrs Day. In 1999, UNESCO declared it as the International Mother Language Day.

You will be surprised to hear that no country in the world struggled for its mother tongue.

 

The mass uprising (1969):

West Pakistan did not stop their tyrants against Bengalis even after language protest. Their second attack came on political rights.

So, the different political parties of East Pakistan united and strengthened. Their source of inspiration was the language movement. They formed the united front coalition. In 1954, this party won the election. That victory also gave them a stronger voice against the West Pakistan government. But the present government of that time dismissed the government. It caused more grievances.

Later, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman made a six-point demand for regional autonomy. As a result, the West Pakistan government filed a case against Bangabandhu and his followers. Then they had to go into jail. In history, this case is known as the Agartala case.

Accordingly, on January 4, 1969, many student groups united and announced an 11 point program is forming the Students Action Committee. They included six-point demands in that 11 point program.

This students’ movement was against the tyrannical rule of Ayub Khan and to protest at the imprisonment. The Students Action Committee played a vital role in the mass uprising together with Dhaka university central union. Then, a mass group of students and others arranged a meeting in 1969 and a procession started after that.

West Pakistani police opened fire in the procession. A leader of the students union, Asaduzzaman, was killed at that time. Four martyrs were killed in the mass uprising in 1969. They are Sergeant Jahrul Haque, Dr. Shamsuddaha, Motiur, including Asaduzzaman. After the mass uprising, Ayub Khan of Pakistan was forced to stand down and replaced by Yahya khan.

In December 1970, Awami League won the general election in East Pakistan led by Bangabandhu. But Yahya declined to form a new government. For this, a non-cooperation movement started in East Pakistan under the leadership of Sheikh Mujib.

Bangladesh is recognized as a peaceful country in the world. But the independence of this country did not come in peace. There are many stories of sacrifices, deprivation, struggles, and tasty achievement behind this victory.

You already know that Pakistani was born in 1947, dividing two parts- East and West Pakistan. Since then, the Pakistani Army started doing discrimination, exploitation, and deprivation of the people of East Pakistan. But the distance was about 1200 miles between the two countries.

West Pakistan enjoyed supreme power and damaged our economy. Besides, there was unlimited propaganda against Bengali culture and attempts to ruin it. Under these situations, people from all walks of life began to get united.

At this point, a dedicated, courageous, and visionary leader like Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman appeared in the scene. The Bengalis were united under his leadership and motivated to pledge independence.

On March 7, 1971, Bangabandhu called for independence in a huge public meeting at the Racecourse Ground. So, students,  politicians, and people of all classes took an uncompromising stand against the Pakistani Army under the leadership of Bangabandhu.

From 16 to March 25, the Awami League started a conversation with Yahya Khan about how to solve the political issue. But on the dark night of March 25, the Pakistani Army attacked the sleeping people including students, teachers, police, EPR. The Army attacked them with heavy tanks and artillery and committed genocide randomly.

At the dead of March 25, the Pakistani Army arrested Sheikh Mujib. He declared independence before being arrested. He also sent a message of independence throughout the country. The next day, Major Jiaur Rahman announced independence through a radio message on behalf of Bangabandhu.

On March 26, the liberation war had begun. On the other side, Bengali police, EPR members, soldiers, and people from every hook and corner organized themselves quickly and started fighting.

On April 10 in 1971, the first government was formed, named the Mujibnagar government. Bangabandhu became the president of that government. The government encouraged the people to join the liberation war and create a mukti bahini to conduct the war.

Bengalis from all classes and also many ethnic groups participated in the liberation war. Over one crore people left their homes and took shelter in India. In the brutal massacre of the Pakistani Army, thirty lac people attained martyrdom. Many lost their legs, hands, and homes in this war.

They destroyed numerous houses, villages, towns, locations with the help of few traitors. These traitors are called rajaker, al-badar. They are also known as war criminals.

The liberation war lasted for nine months. At last, on December 16, 1971, Bangladesh achieved its victory in exchange for so much blood and supreme sacrifices. On that day, thirty-nine thousand Pakistani soldiers were compelled to surrender. India, Soviet Union, and many more countries supported Bangladesh during hard times.

Finally, Bangladesh has gained its place as an independent country on the world map. It also got its own flag and anthem.

In the end, we can say you have known lots and lots about Bangladesh. Now, I am sure you cannot but love Bangladesh. I know you will first come to Dhaka and the most densely populated city in the world.

But people are heartier than in other countries. So, they will give you a warm reception after entering this city. They are the image of the people of all Bangladesh. People will love you without any purpose. This is the country of love, affection, and satisfaction.

Bangladesh is a rather safe country for all the citizens as well as people from outside the country. The government provides the greatest security to visitors. You can make your tour here without any hesitation.

Huge interesting places, long waves of the blue sea, the craziness of wild green life will provoke you to stay here. Your heart will become full of complete contentment.

You may never hear such enchanting baul song, jari-sari, and enjoyable ethnic dance anywhere in the world. All the aspects of attractiveness are different from other countries. Nature will allure you with all her seductive beauty. It may engage you to spend more time with its lap.

The weather in Bangladesh is also amicable for you. You can come at any time of the year to visit here.  The rainy season is a little bit monotonous for its long time non stop raining but not all times. Winter is the best time for tour planners as you can enjoy the delicious pithas, sweets made by natives.

The transport system has become more advanced than in the past. You have already learned about it. Since traffic jams are most of the time under control, it will save you time. Many buses, cars, and trains with modern facilities are available to any part of the country. You are now relieved of the monotonous and tedious journey.

Still, you are anxious about your tour to Bangladesh! Don’t think so. We have airways with all divisions from the capital city. Let’s make plans and come to visit this fascinating Bangladesh.

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Do you want to know or visit Bangladesh? This article will help you to unveil this beautiful country.